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  1. Content type: Research

    The Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis (VTE-PRO) randomized trial is a pilot study evaluating the impact of extended-duration prophylaxis on venous thromboembolic events in patients undergoing lung cancer rese...

    Authors: Christine Fahim, Danielle Hylton, Marko Simunovic, John Agzarian, Christian Finley, Wael C. Hanna and Yaron Shargall

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:447

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections. Patients usually present with dysuria, urinary urgency, urinary frequency, and suprapubic pain or tendern...

    Authors: Jian Lyu, Yan-ming Xie, Zhan Gao, Jian-wu Shen, Yue-yi Deng, Song-tao Xiang, Wen-xi Gao, Wen-tong Zeng, Chun-he Zhang, Dan-hui Yi, Lian-xin Wang and Zhi-fei Wang

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:446

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Intrapartum-related death is the third leading cause of under-5 mortality. Effective ventilation during neonatal resuscitation has the potential to reduce 40% of these deaths. Face-mask ventilation performed b...

    Authors: Nicolas J. Pejovic, Susanna Myrnerts Höök, Josaphat Byamugisha, Tobias Alfvén, Clare Lubulwa, Francesco Cavallin, Jolly Nankunda, Hege Ersdal, Giulia Segafredo, Mats Blennow, Daniele Trevisanuto and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:444

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    The foreskin is the main site of HIV acquisition in a heterosexual uncircumcised man, but many men in endemic countries are reluctant to undergo penile circumcision (PC). Observational studies suggest that pro...

    Authors: Ronald M. Galiwango, Bernard Bagaya, Juliet Mpendo, Vineet Joag, Brenda Okech, Annet Nanvubya, Ali Ssetaala, Moses Muwanga and Rupert Kaul

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:443

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  5. Content type: Research

    This randomised crossover trial compared nocturnal auto-adjusting continuous positive airway pressure (APAP) and nocturnal oxygen therapy (NOT) in adults and children with sickle cell anaemia, with patient acc...

    Authors: Jo Howard, Sophie A. Lee, Baba Inusa, Man Ying Edith Cheng, Cheema Bavenjit, Isabel C. Reading, Sally Ann Wakeford, Johanna C. Gavlak, Patrick B. Murphy, Nicholas Hart, Atul Gupta, Sati Sahota, Eufemia Jacob, Maria Chorozoglou, Carol Ossai, Maureen Gwam…

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:442

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Spine surgery is associated with considerable postoperative pain and can be challenging to treat. A loco-regional technique suitable for spine surgery should cover the dorsal root of the spinal nerves at the l...

    Authors: M. B. Breebaart, D. Van Aken, O. De Fré, L. Sermeus, N. Kamerling, L. de Jong, J. Michielsen, E. Roelant, V. Saldien and B. Versyck

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:441

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Maternal prenatal depressive or anxiety symptoms are associated with adverse maternal and infant health outcomes. With prevalence rates of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety ranging between 10 and 20%, a...

    Authors: Pamela D. Browne, Antoinette Bolte, Eric Claassen and Carolina de Weerth

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:440

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Economic vulnerability, such as homelessness and unemployment, contributes to the HIV risk among racial minorities in the U.S., who are disproportionately infected. Yet, few economic-strengthening intervention...

    Authors: Larissa Jennings Mayo-Wilson, Nancy E. Glass, Fred M. Ssewamala, Sebastian Linnemayr, Jessica Coleman, Fatmata Timbo, Matthew W. Johnson, Melissa Davoust, Alain Labrique, Gayane Yenokyan, Brian Dodge and Carl Latkin

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:439

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  9. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication [1] figures S1 and S2 should have been part of the main text rather than additional files.

    Authors: Amy E. Maxwell, Martin Dennis, Anthony Rudd, Christopher J. Weir, Richard A. Parker and Rustam Al-Shahi Salman

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:438

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    The original article was published in Trials 2017 18:22

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Trials 2017 18:146

  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Amblyopia (lazy eye) affects the vision of approximately 2% of all children. Traditional treatment consists of wearing a patch over their ‘good’ eye for a number of hours daily, over several months. This treat...

    Authors: Rebecca Brown, Peter Blanchfield, Apostolos Fakis, Paul McGraw and Alexander J. E. Foss

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:437

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Multimodal physical exercises already have well-established benefits for the post-stroke population that influence gait functional capacity, balance, gait, cognition, and quality of life. This type of interven...

    Authors: Natalia Araujo Mazzini, Murilo Groschitz Ruas Almeida, José Eduardo Pompeu, Janaine Cunha Polese and Camila Torriani-Pasin

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:436

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Some individuals who sustain traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) continue to experience significant cognitive impairments chronically (months to years post injury). Many tests of executive function are insensitive...

    Authors: Daniel C. Krawczyk, Kihwan Han, David Martinez, Jelena Rakic, Matthew J. Kmiecik, Zhengsi Chang, Linda Nguyen, Michael Lundie, Richard C. Cole, Marielle Nagele and Nyaz Didehbani

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:435

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by continuous impairment in communication and social interaction and by limited and repetitive behaviors, interests, or activities. Behavioral, educational, and ...

    Authors: Sun Haeng Lee, Seungwon Shin, Tae-hun Kim, Sang Min Kim, Tae Yoon Do, Sulgi Park, Boram Lee, Hye Jin Shin, Jihong Lee, Jin Yong Lee and Gyu Tae Chang

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:434

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Anthracyclines are chemotherapeutic agents frequently used in breast cancer (BC) treatment. Although it improves disease-free and overall survival, the use of anthracyclines is associated with a cumulative ris...

    Authors: Pedro Antunes, Dulce Esteves, Célia Nunes, Francisco Sampaio, António Ascensão, Eduardo Vilela, Madalena Teixeira, Anabela Leal Amarelo and Ana Joaquim

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:433

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Skin fibrosis is a significant global health problem that affects over 100 million people annually and has a profoundly negative impact on quality of life. Characterized by excessive fibroblast proliferation a...

    Authors: Julie K. Nguyen, Jeremy Weedon, Jeannette Jakus, Edward Heilman, R. Rivkah Isseroff, Daniel M. Siegel and Jared R. Jagdeo

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:432

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Either benznidazole (BZN) or nifurtimox (NFX) is recommended as equivalent to treat Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Nonetheless, supportive data from randomised trials is limited to individuals treated with BZN in s...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Villar, Víctor Mauricio Herrera, Juan Guillermo Pérez Carreño, Eliana Váquiro Herrera, Yeny Zulay Castellanos Domínguez, Skarlet Marcell Vásquez, Zulma Milena Cucunubá, Nilda Graciela Prado and Yolanda Hernández

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:431

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Trials 2019 20:516

  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Premedication of surgical patients with benzodiazepines has become questionable regarding risk-benefit ratio and lack of evidence. Though preoperative benzodiazepines might alleviate preoperative anxiety, a hi...

    Authors: Ana Kowark, Rolf Rossaint, András P. Keszei, Petra Bischoff, Michael Czaplik, Berthold Drexler, Peter Kienbaum, Moritz Kretzschmar, Christopher Rex, Thomas Saller, Gerhard Schneider, Martin Soehle and Mark Coburn

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:430

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    We present a study protocol for a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial that seeks to test the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of a 52-week period of tre...

    Authors: Mariam Al-Laith, Marianna Jasenecova, Sonya Abraham, Aisla Bosworth, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher D. Buckley, Coziana Ciurtin, Maria-Antonietta D’Agostino, Paul Emery, Hill Gaston, John D. Isaacs, Andrew Filer, Benjamin A. Fisher, Thomas W. J. Huizinga, Pauline Ho, Clare Jacklin…

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:429

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Gastric cancer is the fourth most common malignant disease worldwide, with lower one-third gastric cancer the most common type. Distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection was recommended as a standard su...

    Authors: Shi Chen, Dong-Wen Chen, Xi-Jie Chen, Yi-Jia Lin, Jun Xiang and Jun Sheng Peng

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:428

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Stemless shoulder arthroplasty systems with uncemented metaphyseal fixation have been used for glenohumeral osteoarthritis since 2004 (Hawi, et al. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 17:376, 2016). The stemless design h...

    Authors: Zaid Issa, Jeppe Vejlgaard Rasmussen, John Kloth Petersen, Kim Schantz and Stig Brorson

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:427

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Adherence to tuberculosis (TB) treatment is challenging because of many factors. The World Health Organization has recommended the use of digital adherence monitoring technologies in its End TB Strategy. Howev...

    Authors: Marion Sumari-de Boer, Francis M. Pima, Kennedy M. Ngowi, Geoffrey M. Chelangwa, Benson A. Mtesha, Linda M. Minja, Hadija H. Semvua, Stella Mpagama, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Pythia T. Nieuwkerk and Rob E. Aarnoutse

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:426

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a clinically significant behavior affecting approximately 18% of adolescents and young adults worldwide. The importance of NSSI is supported by its association with a broad s...

    Authors: Michael Kaess, Julian Koenig, Stephanie Bauer, Markus Moessner, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Margarete Mattern, Sabine C. Herpertz, Franz Resch, Rebecca Brown, Tina In-Albon, Michael Koelch, Paul L. Plener, Christian Schmahl and Alexandra Edinger

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:425

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is the second most common psychiatric illness in old people. Up to 30% of nursing home residents have minor or major depression. Although depressive disorders in old age can be improved and even cur...

    Authors: Valentina A. Tesky, Arthur Schall, Ulrike Schulze, Ulrich Stangier, Frank Oswald, Monika Knopf, Jochem König, Maria Blettner, Elisabeth Arens and Johannes Pantel

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:424

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    This study aims to determine whether 3 sessions per week of acupuncture treatment is superior to 1 session per week of acupuncture treatment for symptomatic outcomes in knee osteoarthritis.

    Authors: Lu-Lu Lin, Jian-Feng Tu, Jia-Kai Shao, Xuan Zou, Tian-Qi Wang, Li-Qiong Wang, Jing-Wen Yang, Ning Sun and Cun-Zhi Liu

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:423

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  25. Content type: Commentary

    Enrolling participants in clinical trials can be challenging, especially with respect to prophylactic vaccine trials. The vaccination of study personnel in Ebola vaccine trials during the 2014–2016 epidemic pl...

    Authors: Edouard Lhomme, Camara Modet, Augustin Augier, Sylvain Faye, Tienhan Sandrine Dabakuyo-Yonli, Claire Levy-Marchal, Eric D’Ortenzio, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Geneviève Chêne, Abdoul Habib Beavogui and Laura Richert

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:422

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    To ensure patients continue to get early access to antibiotics at admission, while also safely reducing antibiotic use in hospitals, one needs to target the continued need for antibiotics as more diagnostic in...

    Authors: Ann Sarah Walker, Eric Budgell, Magda Laskawiec-Szkonter, Katy Sivyer, Sarah Wordsworth, Jack Quaddy, Marta Santillo, Adele Krusche, Laurence S. J. Roope, Nicole Bright, Fiona Mowbray, Nicola Jones, Kieran Hand, Najib Rahman, Melissa Dobson, Emma Hedley…

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:421

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Septic shock is a life-threatening condition with underlying circulatory and cellular/metabolic abnormalities. Vitamin C and thiamine are potential candidates for adjunctive therapy; they are expected to impro...

    Authors: Sung Yeon Hwang, Jong Eun Park, Ik Joon Jo, Seonwoo Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Taeyoung Kong, Jonghwan Shin, Hui Jai Lee, Kyoung Min You, You Hwan Jo, Doyun Kim, Gil Joon Suh, Taegyun Kim, Won Young Kim, Youn-Jung Kim, Seung Mok Ryoo…

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:420

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Stroke is characterized by high morbidity, high mortality, and high disability. Spasticity, one of the most common complications after stroke, may reduce the potential success of rehabilitation and has a detri...

    Authors: Huanqin Li, Dehuai Long, Bin Li, Huilin Liu, Tingting Ma, Tingying Wu, Martin Eriksson, Yali Wen, Jia Wei, Wei You, Yinxia Liu, Xiaobai Xu, Yajie Zhang, Linpeng Wang and Jingqing Sun

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:419

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Numerous randomized trials involving acupuncture treatment for cervicogenic headache (CEH) have been conducted in recent years, but the evidence for its effectiveness is not clear. Hence, we designed a randomi...

    Authors: Youkang Dong, Taipin Guo, Lei Xu, Chunlin Wang, Guanfen Wen, Zhiyong Zhao, Lianhai Duan, Mei Zou, Yong Xiang and Shu Wang

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:418

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Cerebral visual impairment (CVI), including perceptual visual dysfunction (PVD), is common in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Inventories of questions relating to practical aspects of visual perception in e...

    Authors: Roseline Duke, Komomo Eyong, Kathryn Burton, David MacLeod, Gordon N. Dutton, Clare Gilbert and Richard Bowman

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:417

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Hot flashes are the most frequent symptoms of the menopause, with 10–20% of all postmenopausal women reporting nearly intolerable occurrences. Although pharmacopuncture with hominis placenta extract is one of ...

    Authors: Su-Ji Choi and Dong-Il Kim

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:415

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Only one-third of hypertensive patients achieve and maintain blood-pressure control. This is attributed to low treatment adherence and has a negative impact on clinical outcomes. Adherence is multidimensional ...

    Authors: Luana Claudia Jacoby Silveira, Graziella Badin Aliti, Elisabeth Meyer Da Silva, Ravi Pereira Pimentel, Miguel Gus and Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:414

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Recent findings on the benefits of glibenclamide as a neuroprotective drug have started a new era for prospective studies on sulfonylureas. The effect of glibenclamide blocking the Sur1-Trpm4 channel was exami...

    Authors: Bruno Braga Sisnando da Costa, Isabela Costola Windlin, Edwin Koterba, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Nícollas Nunes Rabelo, Davi Jorge Fontoura Solla, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira and Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:413

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Opioid use has risen to epidemic proportions across Canada, with increasing evidence of harms including accidental overdose and death. Policy-makers have called for effective approaches to promote opioid reduc...

    Authors: Justin P. Turner, Patricia Caetano and Cara Tannenbaum

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:412

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  35. Content type: Research

    Acquired joint contractures have a significant impact on functioning and quality of life in nursing home residents. There is very limited evidence on measures for prevention and treatment of disability due to ...

    Authors: Susanne Saal, Hanna Klingshirn, Katrin Beutner, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Martin Müller and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:411

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Laparoscopic cystectomy is currently considered the gold standard for the treatment of ovarian endometrioma, resulting in an improvement in symptoms, a lower recurrence rate, and a higher pregnancy rate among ...

    Authors: Raquel Silveira da Cunha Araujo, Sabina Bastos Maia, Clara Micalli Ferruzzi Baracat, Moisés Diogo Lima, Eduardo Sérgio Sousa Soares, Helizabet Salomão Abdalla Ayroza Ribeiro and Paulo Augusto Ayroza Galvão Ribeiro

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:410

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is common and affects approximately 15% of individuals at different ages and activity levels. As a non-surgical intervention, physiotherapy is widely used to treat PFPS. Neu...

    Authors: Haoyu Hu, Yili Zheng, Xiaochen Liu, Di Gong, Changcheng Chen, Yizu Wang, Mengsi Peng, Bao Wu, Juan Wang, Ge Song, Juan Zhang, Jiabao Guo, Yulin Dong and Xueqiang Wang

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:409

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Critical illness increases the risk for poor mental health outcomes among both patients and their informal caregivers, especially their surrogate decision-makers. Surrogates who must make life-and-death medica...

    Authors: Holly G. Prigerson, Martin Viola, Chris R. Brewin, Christopher Cox, Daniel Ouyang, Madeline Rogers, Cynthia X. Pan, Shayna Rabin, Jiehui Xu, Susan Vaughan, Janna S. Gordon-Elliot, David Berlin, Lindsay Lief and Wendy G. Lichtenthal

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:408

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  39. Content type: Research

    The International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), in collaboration with the Sri Lankan College of Obstetrics and Gynaecologists (SLCOG), launched an initiative in 2014 to institutionalize imme...

    Authors: Mahesh Karra, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan, Ranjith de Silva, Arnjali Samarasekera, David Canning, Iqbal Shah, Deepal Weerasekera and Hemantha Senanayake

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:407

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    End-of-life (EoL) care professionals are prone to burnout given the intense emotional nature of their work. Previous research supports the efficacy of art therapy in reducing work-related stress and enhancing ...

    Authors: Andy Hau Yan Ho, Geraldine Tan-Ho, Thuy Anh Ngo, Grace Ong, Poh Heng Chong, Dennis Dignadice and Jordan Potash

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:406

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Child and youth mental health problems are leading causes of disability and particular problems in low- and middle-income countries where populations are young and child mental health services are in short sup...

    Authors: Vandad Sharifi, Zahra Shahrivar, Hadi Zarafshan, Sheida Beiky Ashkezary, Elizabeth Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai and Lawrence Wissow

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:405

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Unpleasant experience with the previous menstruation can increase the sensitivity to pain which may lead to moderate to severe pain in patients with dysmenorrhea. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing ...

    Authors: Sahar Valedi, Zainab Alimoradi, Mohammad MoradiBaglooei, Amir H. Pakpour, Mehdi Ranjbaran and Venus Chegini

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:404

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Lymphedema is the most common complication after breast cancer treatment, but management of lymphedema remains a clinical challenge. Several studies have reported the beneficial effect of acupuncture for treat...

    Authors: Chien-Hung Yeh, Tian Yi Zhao, Mei Dan Zhao, Yue Wu, Yong Ming Guo, Zhan Yu Pan, Ren Wei Dong, Bo Chen, Bin Wang, Jing Rong Wen, Dan Li, Yi Guo and Xing Fang Pan

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:403

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) leads to a significant individual and societal burden. To achieve higher therapy success rates, therapeutic interventions still need to be improved. Most current neuroscientific conc...

    Authors: Raphaela M. Tschuemperlin, Maria Stein, Hallie M. Batschelet, Franz Moggi and Leila M. Soravia

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:402

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Localization of small and/or deep pulmonary nodules before thoracoscopic exploration is paramount to minimize the likelihood of unplanned conversion to thoracotomy. As far as the percutaneous approach is conce...

    Authors: Yin-Kai Chao, Kuang-Tse Pan, Chih-Tsung Wen, Hsin-Yueh Fang and Ming-Ju Hsieh

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:400

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    The morbidity of knee arthritis is increasing among aged people and total knee arthroplasty has been its mainstream treatment to date. Postoperative rehabilitation is an important part of the procedure. Howeve...

    Authors: Ya-Liang Dai, Xiao-Min Chai, Ning Zhu, Kai-Bin Wang, Wen-Qiang Bao, Xue-Sen Zhang, Lu-Lu Gao, Qiang Liu, Dong-Mei Bao, Li-Ting Wang, Yi-Ling Wang, Jun-Jun Zhang, Yu-Xiang Li and Jian-Qiang Yu

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:399

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  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Distortion of taste sensations is a common chemotherapy-induced side effect; however, treatment evidence is limited. Pilot data indicated that acupuncture might be able to improve symptoms of dysgeusia. Thus, ...

    Authors: Heidemarie Haller, Taige Wang, Romy Lauche, Kyung-Eun Choi, Petra Voiß, Sabine Felber, Holger Cramer, Beyhan Ataseven, Sherko Kümmel, Anna Paul and Gustav Dobos

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:398

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  48. Content type: Update

    Acupuncture is widely used for knee osteoarthritis (KOA), despite contradictory evidence. This study is designed to determine the efficacy of electro-acupuncture and manual acupuncture versus sham acupuncture ...

    Authors: Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Li-Qiong Wang, Yang Wang, Jin-ling Li, Na Zhang, Lu-Lu Lin, Zhang-Sheng Yu and Cun-Zhi Liu

    Citation: Trials 2019 20:394

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