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Test and treat COVID 65 plus - Hydroxychloroquine versus placebo in early ambulatory diagnosis and treatment of older patients with COVID19: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this trial is to identify the effect of ambulatory treatment in early COVID-19 disease with hydroxychloroquine on the rate of hospitalization or death in older patients above the age of 64.

Trial design

Parallel, 2:1 randomization, double blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial.

Participants

Male and female patients above the age of 64 (i.e. ≥65 years of age) with COVID-19 diagnosis confirmed by SARS-CoV2 positive throat swab (PCR). Patients can only be included within 3 days of symptom onset in ambulatory care if they consent to the study procedure and are able to adhere to the study visit schedule and protocol requirements (including telephone visits concerning symptoms and side effects). Severity of disease at inclusion is mild to moderate defined as not requiring hospital admission: SpO2 >94%, respiratory rate <20, mental state alert, no signs of septic shock. Cardiac risk is minimised by requiring a Tisdale score ≤ 6. Patients are recruited in the two german cities of Ulm and Tübingen in various ambulatory care settings.

Intervention and comparator

Each patient will be given a first dose of 600 mg Hydroxychloroquine or the equivalent number of placebo capsules (3 capsules) at the day of inclusion. From the 2nd day on, each patient will get 200 mg or the equivalent number of placebo capsules twice a day (400mg/day) until day 7 (6 more does of 400 mg); a cumulative dose of 3 g.

Main outcomes

Rate of hospitalization or death at day 7 after study inclusion

Randomisation

All consenting adult patients having confirmed COVID-19 are randomly and blindly allocated in a 2:1 ratio to either IMP or placebo. The biostatistical center produced a randomization list (block randomization) with varying block length and stratified for the study center. This list is provided for packaging to the pharmaceutical unit which is providing encapsulated placebo and IMP. Only the pharmaceutical unit is aware of group allocation according to the randomization list.

Blinding (masking)

Patients and investigators, as well as treating physicians are blinded to the treatment- allocation.

Numbers to be randomised (sample size)

In the first stage of an adaptive design 120 patients in a 2:1 ration: 72 Verum and 36 Placebo, plus an increase for 10% drop outs. After interim analysis, the total sample size will be calculated based on the effect seen in the first stage. Total sample size is estimated approximately n = 300-400 patients.

Trial Status

Protocol version number: V3, 19.05.2020 Recruitment not yet started but is anticipated to begin by June 2020 and be complete by December 2020

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04351516, date: 17 April 2020 EudraCT: 2020-001482-37, date: 30 March 2020

Full protocol

The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol.

Peer Review reports

Availability of data and materials

Study results will be made available to the public by presentations at scientific meetings and by publication in a scientific journal.

Acknowledgements

Not applicable.

Funding

The study is financed by the social ministry of Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany. The ministry does not participate in any other part of the study (i.e. design, collection, analysis, interpretation, writing).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

SG: Trial protocol, organisation of patient recruitment infrastructure, patient recruitment, submission of manuscript. WB: Trial protocol, Study Co-PI, Sponsor of the study, MB: Trial protocol, Study PI, submission of manuscript. NM: Trial protocol, acquisition of financing. PM: Trial protocol (statistical part). TI: Trial protocol (virological methods). SJ, PK, BM, TS, TE: Discussion of Trial protocol, patient recruitment. TS, TE: organisation of patient recruitment infrastructure. SD, FK: patient recruitment. The author(s) read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Siri Göpel.

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate

I hereby declare that the study has received ethical approval from the appropriate ethical committee: Ethik-Kommission an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Eberhard-Karls-Universität und am Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Gartenstraße 47, 72074 Tübingen File number: 250/2020AMG1 Date: 20.04.2020.

Written informed consent is obtained from all patients before study inclusion. The informed consent form was also approved by the ethics committee mentioned above. It contains detailed information about the study purpose, study design, the course of the disease, effects and side effects of Hydroxychloroquine. Patients are informed that participation in the study is voluntary and withdrawal can be done at any time.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

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Supplementary information

Additional file 1.

Full Study Protocol.

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Göpel, S., Bethge, W., Martus, P. et al. Test and treat COVID 65 plus - Hydroxychloroquine versus placebo in early ambulatory diagnosis and treatment of older patients with COVID19: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 21, 635 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04556-z

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Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Protocol
  • Early treatment
  • Elderly patients
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Placebo-controlled
  • Double-blind
  • Ambulatory
  • Outpatient
  • Moderate disease