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Specialist nurses’ perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to inviting adult NHS patients to participate in clinical research studies: a qualitative descriptive study

Background

Specialist nurses often collaborate with researchers to facilitate recruitment of adult NHS patients, yet little is known about their experiences of inviting participation to research studies. It is well documented that clinical staff involved with recruitment often do not invite all potentially eligible patients, leading to under-recruitment and selection bias. Many barriers and facilitators perceived by clinical staff to inviting research participation have been identified, the majority of these relating to physicians or specific randomised controlled trials.

Aims

This study aims to explore the barriers and facilitators perceived by specialist nurses to inviting adult patients to a variety of research studies in different NHS settings.

Methods

The study employs a cross-sectional qualitative descriptive design using purposive and convenience sampling, semi-structured individual interviews and Framework thematic analysis. This study forms an MRes student dissertation and will be completed in September 2015. To date 12 specialist nurses have been recruited, representing a variety of clinical specialties and employing NHS Trusts, with experience of inviting patients to a broad variety of research studies. Data collection is ongoing and 6 interviews have been conducted thus far.

Results

Emerging preliminary themes include the perceived facilitator of rapport and clinical credibility within the nurse / patient relationship, and the perceived barrier of insufficient understanding of individual research studies by the nurse.

Conclusions and implications

Increased understanding of both barriers and facilitators may inform development of evidence-based interventions to optimise research recruitment involving specialist nurses and other healthcare staff.

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Correspondence to Caroline French.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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French, C., Stavropoulou, C. Specialist nurses’ perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to inviting adult NHS patients to participate in clinical research studies: a qualitative descriptive study. Trials 16, P94 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-16-S2-P94

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Keywords

  • Research Study
  • Clinical Staff
  • Specialist Nurse
  • Research Participation
  • Patient Relationship