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Advance telephone notification of follow-up in the healthlines study: a nested study of patients with depression

Background

Advance notification may increase response to follow-up questionnaires among trial participants, but the benefit of this resource-intensive activity remains uncertain. This study investigated the effectiveness of pre-calling participants with depression ahead of follow-up in The Healthlines Study, a trial of a telehealth intervention.

Methods

Participants in one of the three study centres were alternately allocated to either be telephoned 2-7 days before sending an 8-month follow-up questionnaire by post or email, or to be sent the questionnaire without pre-calling. All participants received up to five questionnaire completion reminders. The primary outcome was completion of the PHQ-9 outcome. Secondary outcomes were number of reminders and time to questionnaire completion.

Results

201 participants were included in the nested study (100 to pre-calling), of a total of 609 in the Healthlines depression trial. Outcome completion was ≥90% in both arms (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.31 to 2.19). Participants in the pre-calling arm were less likely to require a reminder (47% vs 62%, OR 0.46, 0.25 to 0.84), required fewer reminders (difference in means -0.6, -1.1 to -0.2), and completed follow-up quicker (median 8 vs 15 days, HR 1.24, 0.92 to 1.66) than participants who received no pre-calling.

Conclusion

Outcome completion rate at 8-months follow-up was high. There was no evidence that pre-calling participants achieved better completion rates, nor reduced overall net effort required to achieve follow-up after taking into account pre-contacting these participants. Pre-calling may be helpful when timing of outcome completion is important.

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Correspondence to Alan Montgomery.

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Edwards, L., Salisbury, C., Garner, K. et al. Advance telephone notification of follow-up in the healthlines study: a nested study of patients with depression. Trials 16, P111 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-16-S2-P111

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Primary Outcome
  • Secondary Outcome
  • Study Centre
  • Completion Rate