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Outcome measures in Cochrane reviews and protocols for the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease
© Lamont et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 29 May 2015
Periodontal disease (gum disease) is the most common oral disease to affect adults. The importance of core outcome sets for effectiveness trials is well established. However, despite the significant health and economic burden there is still great debate in the field as to the most appropriate clinical outcomes to measure when investigating the effectiveness & cost effectiveness of interventions. The recently published Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme Guidelines “Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases in Primary Care” , highlighted the need for a set of core outcome measures for periodontal outcomes. This study was conducted to assess the variability of outcome measures reported in periodontal Cochrane reviews and protocols prior to the development of a set of core outcomes involving patients and key stakeholders.
Published Cochrane reviews and protocols (search up to August 2014) investigating the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease were assessed. The type of intervention, outcome measures (clinical, patient and economic) and duration of follow up was recorded. From included trials all indices reported were also noted.
This study demonstrates the variety of outcome measures available for periodontal studies and highlights the number of indices used to record them. There is ongoing debate as to which outcomes should be investigated; reinforcing the need of a core set of outcomes for periodontal studies whilst also highlighting the need for agreed measurement instruments.
- Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme. Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases in Primary Care: Dental Clinical Guideline. 2014, DundeeGoogle Scholar
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