Skip to main content

Table 7 Change-over-time results (walking adaptability)

From: Walking-adaptability therapy after stroke: results of a randomized controlled trial

Outcome (n: CT, FP) CT and FP Change over time, both groups
(mean difference, p value, effect size)
10MWT context
(1–10)
T0 (14,16) 5.26 ± 2.30
T1 (12,16) 5.46 ± 2.15 0.20, 0.20, 0.24
T2 (10,16)* 5.01 ± 2.34 − 0.15, 0.91, 0.02
T3 (7,15)* 5.38 ± 2.48 0.12, 0.76, 0.00
10MWT context with cognitive task (1–10) T0 (14,16) 4.80 ± 2.17
T1 (13,16)* 4.99 ± 2.28 0.19, 0.24, 0.22
T2 (10,16)* 4.55 ± 1.98 − 0.25, 0.81, 0.05
T3 (7,15)* 4.89 ± 2.47 0.09, 0.62, 0.01
IWW obstacles
(1–10)
T0 (14,14)* 6.11 ± 3.45
T1 (11,14)* 8.26 ± 2.40 2.15, 0.00, 0.73
T2 (8,13)* 7.74 ± 2.70 1.63, 0.00, 0.66
T3 (6,10)* 7.50 ± 2.08 1.39, 0.05, 0.66
IWW obstacles with cognitive task (1–10) T0 (14,14)* 4.98 ± 3.30
T1 (11,14)* 6.08 ± 3.27 1.10, 0.00, 0.55
T2 (8,13)* 6.90 ± 2.80 1.92, 0.00, 0.24
T3 (6,10)* 5.75 ± 3.16 0.77, 0.16, 0.13
  1. Mean difference represents the difference over time at T1, T2, and T3 compared to baseline (T0). p values were obtained using Paired samples t-tests. Significant differences are presented in bold (p < 0.05) and tendencies are presented in italic (0.05 < p < 0.075). *Some participants were excluded (see degrees of freedom) due to technical problems with the IWW and/or video footage