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Table 4 Between-groups results (walking adaptability)

From: Walking-adaptability therapy after stroke: results of a randomized controlled trial

Outcome (n: CT, FP) CT FP Difference between groups
(mean difference, p value, effect size)
10MWT context
(1–10)
T0 (14,16) 5.59 ± 2.43 4.97 ± 2.21 0.62, 0.47, 0.09a
T1–T0 (12,16)* 0.49 ± 1.03 0.27 ± 1.79 0.22, 0.58, 0.01b
T2–T0 (10,16)* 0.26 ± 1.53 0.23 ± 1.94 0.03, 0.48, 0.02b
T3–T0 (7,15)* 0.37 ± 1.68 0.07 ± 2.70 0.30, 0.69, 0.00b
10MWT context with cognitive task (1–10) T0 (14,16) 5.31 ± 2.29 4.36 ± 2.03 0.95, 0.24, 0.22a
T1–T0 (13,16)* 0.42 ± 1.19 0.16 ± 1.33 0.26, 0.45, 0.02b
T2–T0 (10,16)* − 0.38 ± 1.15 0.34 ± 1.93 − 0.72, 0.20, 0.07b
T3–T0 (7,15)* 0.17 ± 1.91 0.28 ± 2.53 − 0.11, 0.81, 0.00b
IWW obstacles
(1–10)
T0 (14,14)* 5.96 ± 3.52 6.25 ± 3.51 − 0.29, 0.83, 0.04a
T1–T0 (11,14)* 3.09 ± 2.56 2.11 ± 2.31 0.98, 0.59, 0.01b
T2–T0 (8,13)* 2.81 ± 2.55 1.58 ± 2.24 0.60, 0.79, 0.00b
T3–T0 (6,10)* 3.42 ± 3.68 0.9 ± 3.06 2.52, 0.93, 0.00b
IWW obstacles with cognitive task (1–10) T0 (14,14)* 4.75 ± 3.71 5.21 ± 2.96 − 0.46, 0.72, 0.07a
T1–T0 (11,14)* 1.95 ± 1.67 0.82 ± 2.25 1.13, 0.25, 0.06b
T2–T0 (8,13)* 3.50 ± 2.33 1.58 ± 1.30 1.92, 0.11, 0.14b
T3–T0 (6,10)* 1.42 ± 2.71 1.05 ± 3.55 0.37, 0.28, 0.09b
  1. Mean difference represents the difference between groups (CT–FP) at T0 and mean differences in change values at T1, T2, and T3. p values were obtained using aIndependent t-test or bANCOVA with baseline performance as covariate. *Some participants were excluded (see degrees of freedom) due to technical problems with the IWW and/or video footage