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Table 2 Kinesthesia, balance and agility exercises

From: Effects of variable frequencies of kinesthesia, balance and agility exercise program in adults with knee osteoarthritis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Progression Exercise Treatment intensity
Weeks 1–3 Side stepping 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Semi-tandem walk 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Tandem walk 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Crossbody leg swings 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Crossover forward walk 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Crossover backward walk 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Weeks 4–6 Toe walk 10–30 s × 3 sets
Heel walk 10–30 s × 3 sets
Multiple changes in direction drill (forward, backward, sideways as directed by the therapist) 10–20 s × 3 sets
One-leg stand on a hard surface with eyes open 10–30 s × 3 sets
One-leg stand on a hard surface with eyes closed 10–30 s× 3 sets
Double-leg stand (eyes open) on a hard surface with perturbations 10–30 s × 3 sets
Double-leg stand (eyes closed) on a hard surface with perturbations 10–30 s × 3 sets
Weeks 7–8 Crossover forward walk with eyes closed 15–75 steps × 3 sets
Crossover backward walk with eyes closed 15–75 steps × 3 sets
One-leg stand on a foam surface with eyes open 10–30 s × 3 sets
One-leg stand on a foam surface with eyes closed 10–30 s × 3 sets
Double-leg stand (eyes open) on a foam surface with perturbations 10–30 s × 3 sets
Double-leg stand (eyes closed) on a foam surface with perturbations 10–30 s × 3 sets