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Table 3 Values for percental reactivity to and recovery from the psychosocial stress test, along with results from the mixed between-within subjects ANOVA for reactivity and recovery at baseline and follow-up

From: The effects of exercise training on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity and autonomic response to acute stress—a randomized controlled study

  n Percental reactivity Mixed between-within subjects ANOVA
Control group Intervention group Baseline to follow-up Group Time*group
Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up F p Eta squared F p Eta squared F p Eta squared
ACTH (pmol/L) 85 261 (159; 364) 108 (69; 147) 215 (157; 273) 100 (62; 139) 25.67 <  0.001 0.236 0.42 0.518 0.01 0.35 0.555 0.00
Cort (nmol/L) 81 96 (73; 119) 73 (53; 94) 94 (79; 109) 60 (51; 70) 17.76 <  0.001 0.18 0.64 0.426 0.01 0.60 0.442 0.01
SBP (mmHg)* 83 34 (29;39) 24 (21; 28) 29 (25; 34) 23 (19; 27) 0.85 0.360 0.01 2.68 0.106 0.03 1.00 0.321 0.01
DBP (mmHg) 83 26 (31; 40) 30 (26; 34) 36 (30; 43) 29 (25; 33) 7.61 0.007 0.09 0.00 0.964 0.00 0.12 0.727 0.00
HR (Bpm)* 78 44 (35; 53) 20 (12; 28) 40 (33; 47) 25 (18; 33) 0.04 0.846 0.00 0.08 0.778 0.00 2.15 0.147 0.03
  n Percental recovery Mixed between-within subjects ANOVA
Control group Intervention group Baseline to follow-up Group Time*group
Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up F p Eta squared F p Eta squared F p Eta squared
ACTH (pmol/L)* 87 68 (62; 74) 60 (53; 67) 70 (64; 75) 65 (61; 69) 0.94 0.334 0.01 1.17 0.282 0.01 1.03 0.313 0.01
Cort (nmol/L) 84 33 (29; 37) 38 (35; 41) 36 (33; 39) 39 (37; 41) 7.87 0.006 0.09 0.60 0.442 0.01 0.41 0.526 0.01
SBP (mmHg)* 85 29 (27; 31) 27 (24; 29) 27 (26; 29) 25 (22; 27) 0.55 0.459 0.01 2.59 0.112 0.03 0.00 0.99 0.00
DBP (mmHg) 85 31 (28; 33) 31 (28; 34) 31 (29; 34) 31 (29; 34) 0.28 0.596 0.00 0.18 0.674 0.00 0.13 0.717 0.00
HR (Bpm)* 84 30 (26; 35) 33 (29; 36) 36 (32; 40) 36 (33; 38) 0.35 0.557 0.00 3.12 0.081 0.04 1.68 0.199 0.02
  1. *Adjusted for sex
  2. ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBT diastolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, Bpm beats per minute