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Table 2 Energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intake at baseline and postintervention

From: The effects of Anethum graveolens (dill) powder supplementation on clinical and metabolic status in patients with type 2 diabetes

Variables Dill powder (n = 21) Placebo (n = 21) P valuea P valueb
Energy (kcal)
 Baseline 1881 ± 161 1796 ± 167 0.100 0.113
 End 1861 ± 176 1811 ± 163 0.339 0.257
P valuec 0.412 0.593   
Carbohydrate (g)
 Baseline 249.61 ± 23.19 240.40 ± 20.46 0.180 0.146
 End 246.51 ± 23.61 238.23 ± 14.28 0.179 0.113
P valuec 0.270 0.536   
Protein (g)
 Baseline 75.41 ± 6.15 73.43 ± 6.09 0.303 0.240
 End 74.61 ± 5.72 72.04 ± 6.65 0.187 0.145
P valuec 0.210 0.135   
Fat (g)
 Baseline 61.53 ± 5.37 59.66 ± 4.74 0.241 0.196
 End 60.26 ± 6.24 61.93 ± 4.32 0.169 0.098
P valuec 0.147 0.113   
Vitamin A (U)
 Baseline 377.38 ± 103.76 321.32 ± 85.71 0.064 0.034*
 End 368.66 ± 115.02 352.93 ± 88.03 0.622 0.693
P valuec 0.779 0.159   
Vitamin C (mg)
 Baseline 87.03 ± 27.87 91.36 ± 29.58 0.628 0.744
 End 91.44 ± 30.92 96.85 ± 32.20 0.582 0.633
P valuec 0.592 0.541   
Vitamin E (mg)
 Baseline 2.03 ± 0.72 2.38 ± 0.85 0.166 0.205
 End 1.85 ± 0.52 2.12 ± 0.63 0.146 0.136
P valuec 0.171 0.095   
  1. Values are expressed as means ± standard deviation
  2. *P < 0.05 considered as significant, and significant values are shown in bold type
  3. aBetween-group comparison of variables at baseline and after intervention from independent t test (for all variables)
  4. bBetween-group comparison of variables at baseline and after intervention from analysis of covariance in the adjusted models (adjusted for age, duration of disease and body mass index)
  5. cWithin-group comparison of variables from paired sample t test (for all variables)