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Table 3 Study assessments: measures and schedule of administration

From: Comparative effectiveness of post-discharge strategies for hospitalized smokers: Study protocol for the Helping HAND 4 randomized controlled trial

Construct Measures Source Baseline 1 month 3 months 6 months
Sociodemographic factors Age, sex, sexual orientation, education, race/ethnicity, marital status, employment, housing status, health insurance type Patient, EHR X    
Medical history Coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia EHR X    
Tobacco use Baseline: cigarettes per day, years smoked, other tobacco use, prior cessation attempts. Follow-up: duration of abstinence after discharge, cigarette and other tobacco product use in the past 7 days Patient X X X X
Electronic cigarette use Baseline: use in the past 30 days, past 7 days, frequency of use [Items from Pearson [34]], reasons for use, flavor/brand/type used.
Follow-up: use since discharge, in past 7 days, past 30 days
Patient X X X X
Nicotine dependence Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND) [35] Patient X    
Tobacco cessation treatment Definition: FDA-approved cessation medications, behavioral support (telephone quit line, text-message support, in-person counseling, internet programs, mobile phone applications), other. Baseline: Prior use
Follow-up: Use since discharge or since last follow-up contact
Patient X X X X
Quit attempt Definition: intentional tobacco abstinence lasting > 24 h. Baseline: ever, past year
Follow-up: since discharge, since last follow-up contact
Patient X X X X
Smoking cessation beliefs Importance of quitting, confidence in ability to quit (10-point Likert scales) Patient X    
Perceived health risk Risk/benefit of smoking and of quitting (5-point Likert scales) Patient X    
Social support for quitting smoking 10-point Likert scale Patient X    
Alcohol use Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) [36] Patient X    X
Other drug use Marijuana, cocaine, opioids, stimulants, drugs by injection (Veterans Aging Cohort Study -VACS, modified) [37] Patient X    X
Anxiety symptoms Generalized Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD-7) [38] Patient X X X X
Depression symptoms Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8) [39] Patient X X X X
Quality of life Medical Outcomes Study—Short Form (SF-1) [40] Patient X X   X
Resiliency Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) [41] Patient X    
Optimism, pessimism Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) [42] Patient X X X  
Hospital experience Baseline: cigarette cravings, cessation medication use in hospital
Follow-up (1 month): cigarette cravings, difficulty abstaining in hospital, cessation medication use and smoking in hospital
Patient X X   
Hospital course Length of hospital stay, discharge diagnosis EHR X    
Post-discharge care coordination PCP visit: provider’s awareness of patient’s study participation, discussion of tobacco cessation treatment Patient   X X X
Health care utilization Post-discharge ED visits, hospital re-admission (items from the National Health Interview Survey) Patient   X X X
Program feedback Services provided by study, services provided by quitline, helpfulness of services provided Patient   X X X