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Table 2 Exclusion criteria

From: Evaluation of the effects of pycnogenol (French maritime pine bark extract) supplementation on inflammatory biomarkers and nutritional and clinical status in traumatic brain injury patients in an intensive care unit: A randomized clinical trial protocol

Pregnancy and lactation
Morbid obesity: BMI a ≥ 40
Failure to start enteral nutrition in the first 24–48 h
Suffering from autoimmune disorders and HIV/AIDS
Suffering or having history of cancer and any liver failure
Receiving positive inotropic medications including dopamine, dobutamine, and epinephrine
Severe and active bleeding
Suffering from sepsis
Having a history of known food allergies
  1. a Body mass index