Skip to main content

Table 1 Recruitment and trial characteristics extracted from included stroke rehabilitation RCTs

From: A systematic review of the efficiency of recruitment to stroke rehabilitation randomised controlled trials

  Item extracted Justification
Recruitment characteristics Number of patients screened for trial participation Used to generate randomisation rate outcome
Number of patients randomised into the trial Used to generate randomisation rate, recruitment rate and dropout outcomes
Number of patients who drop out Used to generate dropout outcome
Number of sites used for recruitment Used to generate recruitment rate outcome
Continent of recruitment Recruitment has been shown to differ between countries [1, 2]
Recruitment strategy The recruitment strategies/methods adopted by trials may affect recruitment efficiency [3]
Profession of the recruiter The profession of the recruiter may play a role in willingness of patients to take part in trials [2, 4]. Some professions have been described as ‘gatekeeping’ during the recruitment process [5]
Number of recruiters per site The number of people responsible for recruitment may reduce recruitment efficiency [6,7,8,9]
Trial characteristics Publication date There is evidence to suggest recruitment of stroke survivors for clinical trials is becoming less efficient [10, 11]
Type of intervention The treatments on offer can be a motivating factor for potential participants [12, 13]
Targeted impairment
Control condition
Stroke survivor residence Recruitment from a community setting may lead to more efficient recruitment to RCTs [11]. Recruitment of acute stroke survivors within a hospital setting has been highlighted as a problematic recruitment area [10, 11]
Stage of rehabilitation
Funding support There are potential issues of bias when certain funding bodies are used [14]. Trialists may be influenced by institution pressures to secure funding [15]
Ethics approval Trialists are concerned by the impact of research governance on the recruitment process [15, 16]