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Table 1 Number and percentage of articles (95% confidence interval for percentage) published in subscription or open access journals in 2016–2017 satisfying individual items on the CONSORT-A checklist

From: Completeness of reporting in abstracts of randomized controlled trials in subscription and open access journals: cross-sectional study

ItemSubscription journals (n = 149)OA journals (n = 119)P value (χ2 test)
1. Title86 (58%; 49–66%)95 (80%; 72–87%)0.001
2. Trial design141 (95%; 89–97%)110 (92%; 86–96%)0.465
Methods
3. Participants149 (100%; 97–100%)113 (95%; 89–98%)0.006
4. Interventions149 (100%; 97–100%)115 (97%; 91–99%)0.024
5. Objective132 (89%; 82–93%)115 (97%; 91–99%)0.015
6. Outcome146 (98%; 94–99%)111 (93%; 87–97%)0.054
7. Randomization46 (31%; 24–39%)46 (39%; 30–48%)0.183
8. Blinding (masking)130 (87%; 81–92%)97 (82%; 73–88%)0.196
Results
9. Number randomized87 (58%; 50–66%)53 (45%; 36–54%)0.024
10. Recruitment149 (100%; 97–100%)117 (98%; 93–100%)0.113
11. Number analyzed71 (48%; 39–56%)29 (24%; 17–33%)0.001
12. Outcome64 (43%; 35–5%)15 (13%; 7–20%)< 0.001
13. Harms114 (77%; 69–83%)33 (28%; 20–37%)< 0.001
14. Conclusions149 (100%; 97–100%)116 (97%; 92–99%)0.052
15. Trial registration149 (100%; 97–100%)100 (84%; 76–90%)< 0.001
16. Funding112 (75%; 68–81%)2 (2%; 0–7%)< 0.001
  1. CONSORT-A Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials for Abstracts, OA open access