Skip to main content

Table 4 Baseline characteristics and outcome measurements for participants with chronic low back pain who received TEA or acupuncture

From: Efficacy and safety of thread embedding acupuncture for chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled pilot trial

Variable Group p value
TEA group (n = 20) Acupuncture group (n = 20)
Sex, n (%)
 Male 3 (15.0) 5 (25.0) 0.429a
 Female 17(85.0) 15(75.0)
Mean age, years 50.35 ± 11.45 51.9 ± 8.99 0.871b
VAS 6.04 ± 0.29 5.91 ± 0.34 0.655b
SF-MPQ
 Descriptive scale 18.85 ± 1.23 19.40 ± 1.65 0.791c
 PPI 2.65  ± 0.15 2.45  ± 0.15 0.273b
ODI 35.20 ± 1.93 41.56 ± 2.88 0.075c
  1. Values are expressed as means ± standard deviations
  2. ODI, Oswestry Disability Index, PPI Present Pain Intensity scale, SF-MPQ short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire, TEA thread-embedding acupuncture, VAS visual analog scale
  3. aChi-square (χ2) test
  4. bMann-Whitney U test
  5. cStudent’s t test