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Table 6 Effect of the Solar Disinfection (SODIS) intervention within different age groups of children 6 to 59 months of age, Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia, 10 January to 7 July 2016

From: The effect of SODIS water treatment intervention at the household level in reducing diarrheal incidence among children under 5 years of age: a cluster randomized controlled trial in Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia

Age category Control groups (n = 394) Intervention group (n = 384) DD reduction (%) p value
Number of DDa episodes Person-week observations DD incidence (%) Number of DD episodes Person-week observations DD incide-nce (%)
6–23 months 308 1277 24.1 183 1256 14.6 39 < 0.001
24–36 months 205 1131 18.1 102 1052 9.7 46 < 0.001
37–48 months 124 1183 10.5 60 1248 4.8 54 < 0.001
49–59months 83 1125 7.4 33 974 3.4 54 < 0.001
All < 60 months 720 4716 15.3 378 4530 8.3 46 < 0.001
  1. aDiarrheal disease. The incidence of diarrhea was computed as the number of new episodes divided by the total number of person-week observations