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Table 2 UPAVAN trial outcomes

From: Upscaling Participatory Action and Videos for Agriculture and Nutrition (UPAVAN) trial comparing three variants of a nutrition-sensitive agricultural extension intervention to improve maternal and child nutritional outcomes in rural Odisha, India: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

Outcome Indicator
Primary outcomes
 Child dietary diversity • Percentage of children (6–23 months of age) consuming ≥ 4 out of 7 food groups per day (assessed by 24-h recall answered by the mother or female primary caregiver)
 Maternal underweight • Mean body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) of non-pregnant, non-postpartum (gave birth > 42 days ago) mothers or female primary caregivers of children aged 0–23 months
Secondary outcomes
 Maternal dietary diversity • Percentage of mothers or female primary caregivers consuming ≥ 5 out of 10 food groups per day (24-h recall) [50]
 Child wasting • Percentage of children (aged 0–23 months) who are wasted (weight for height < -2 SD)
Other outcomes
 Maternal wasting • Percentage of pregnant and non-pregnant mothers or female primary caregivers with mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) < 230 mm [51]
 Child acute malnutrition • Percentage of children (aged 6–23 months) with acute malnutrition (MUAC < 125 mm) [52]
 Maternal and child haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations • Mean Hb (g/dl) of children (6–23 months of age)
• Mean Hb (g/dl) of non-pregnant mothers or female primary caregivers
 Infant and young child feeding practices • Percentage of children (aged 6–23 months) receiving the World Health Organization-recommended Minimum Acceptable Diet [53]
 Women’s decision-making • Percentage of women ‘empowered’ in women’s decision-making in productive and health-related domains, aggregated, measured using the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index
 Women’s time use • Percentage of women ‘empowered’ in the women’s time use domain of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index [54]
 Gender parity in agriculture • Percentage of women achieving gender parity between themselves and a male household member, defined using the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index
 Household economic status and food security • Mean per capita household share of food expenditures
• Mean per capita total household expenditures
 Household agriculture production • Mean production diversity (count of the number of crops or livestock produced) [55] • Total value of agricultural production • Net value of agricultural production (= value of agricultural production – costs)