Skip to main content

Table 4 Scores for social support, self-efficacy and perceived benefits and barriers to exercise at T0, T1 and T2

From: Effects of a peer-led Walking In ScHools intervention (the WISH study) on physical activity levels of adolescent girls: a cluster randomised pilot study

  Control (n = 87) Intervention (n = 96) Group time (p)a
Mean SD Mean SD
Social support from female parent/guardian 0.964
 Baseline (T0) 3.14 0.70 3.11 0.71  
 End of intervention (T1) 3.19 1.11 3.17 0.76  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 2.99b 0.76 3.01 0.83  
Social support from male parent/guardian 0.220
 Baseline (T0) 2.93 0.80 2.95 0.89  
 End of intervention (T1) 2.80 0.83 3.02 0.87  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 2.65b 0.83 2.83c 0.91  
Social support from friends 0.001
 Baseline (T0)d 2.57 0.79 2.90 0.73  
 End of intervention (T1)e 2.69 0.84 3.07f 0.72  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 2.52 0.76 2.91 0.85  
Self-efficacy for PA 0.859
 Baseline (T0) 1.85 0.47 1.94 0.52  
 End of intervention (T1) 1.91 0.51 1.88 0.52  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 1.98b 0.57 1.89 0.53  
Self-efficacy for walking 0.103
 Baseline (T0) 1.85 0.48 1.78 0.51  
 End of intervention (T1) 1.92 0.52 1.81 0.54  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 1.95 0.59 1.81 0.55  
Perceived barriers to PA 0.340
 Baseline (T0) 2.94 0.44 2.87 0.54  
 End of intervention (T1) 2.99 0.56 2.89 0.52  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 2.85c 0.55 2.83 0.66  
Perceived benefits to PA 0.177
 Baseline (T0) 1.78 0.39 1.67 0.40  
 End of intervention (T1) 1.77 0.45 1.71 0.45  
 4 months post intervention (T2) 1.76 0.49 1.69 0.49  
  1. PA Physical activity
  2. aDifferences between groups compared using mixed between-within subjects ANOVA
  3. bSignificantly different (p < 0.05) changes within groups from T0 to T2
  4. cSignificantly different (p < 0.05) within groups from T1 to T2
  5. dSignificantly different (p < 0.05) changes between groups from T0 to T1
  6. eSignificantly different (p < 0.05) changes between groups from T1 to T2
  7. fSignificantly different (p < 0.05) changes within groups from T0 to T1