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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Effectiveness of the ‘Who’s Challenging Who’ support staff training intervention to improve attitudes and empathy towards adults with intellectual disability and challenging behaviours: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria for residential settings: Exclusion criteria for residential settings:
 Provides services via English/Welsh publically funded contracts (Local Authorities, Clinical Commissioning Groups)  ‘Inpatient’ hospital facility (typically NHS or independent providers)
 Provides support to between one and 10 people with intellectual disability (ID)  The manager does not receive approval from the service provider organisation for the residential settings to be a part of the study
 Provide at least some 24-h support for people with ID  
 Is in a community location  
 Provides care for at least one person with ID who engages in aggressive challenging behaviour  
 Manager (or equivalent lead staff member) and one other support staff member can be released to attend a ‘Who’s Challenging Who?’ training session together  
Inclusion criteria for staff: Exclusion criteria for staff:
 One staff member will be the manager or other lead staff member (as defined by the service provider organisation)  Staff do not provide their consent to take part in the research
 The second staff member will be a direct support worker whose role is no more than 50% in administrative/staff management tasks  Inadequate English reading skills prevent completion of the questionnaire measures
 Both staff work at least a 0.70 full time equivalent or more