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Table 2 Effect of pre-call intervention on questionnaire completion, number of questionnaire reminders and questionnaire completion rate

From: Increasing follow-up questionnaire response rates in a randomized controlled trial of telehealth for depression: three embedded controlled studies

  Control (n = 95) Pre-called (n = 95) Unadjusted odds ratio, b or hazard ratio 95 % confidence interval; P Adjusted odds ratio, b or hazard ratioa 95 % confidence interval; P
Primary analysisb
 Completed questionnaire 93 (98) 90 (95) 0.39 0.07 to 2.05; 0.26 0.38 0.07 to 2.10; 0.27
Secondary analysisc
 Number of reminders = 0 36 (37) 49 (52)     
 Number of reminders = 1 12 (13) 19 (20)     
 Number of reminders = 2 17 (18) 11 (12)     
 Number of reminders = 3 13 (14) 4 (4)     
 Number of reminders = 4 8 (8) 4 (4)     
 Number of reminders = 5 9 (9) 8 (8) −0.56 −1.03 to −0.09; 0.02 −0.67 −1.13 to −0.20; 0.005
Secondary analysisd
 Time to complete questionnaire, median days 15.0 8.0 1.23 0.92 to 1.65; 0.16 1.35 1.00 to 1.82; 0.048
  1. Data are reported as number (percent), unless otherwise indicated. All primary analyses are intention-to-treat analyses
  2. aAnalyses adjusted by participant sex, baseline age and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score, main trial allocation arm, questionnaire method sent (paper or online)
  3. bLogistic regression analysis of pre-call group allocation on whether the 8-month questionnaire was completed or not (odds ratio)
  4. cLinear regression of pre-call group allocation on total number of reminders (linear regression coefficient, b)
  5. dCox regression of pre-call group allocation on time to complete the questionnaire in days since the questionnaire was sent to the participant (hazard ratio). Zero values are not permitted in the time-to-event analysis, and so 0.5 days were allocated for participants who completed the questionnaire the day it was sent to them, while 91 days were allocated to the seven participants who did not complete the questionnaire. For median: control n = 93; pre-called n = 90