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Table 1 Summary of interview topics

From: Why do patients decline surgical trials? Findings from a qualitative interview study embedded in the Cancer Research UK BOLERO trial (Bladder cancer: Open versus Lapararoscopic or RObotic cystectomy)

Topics for patient interviews Topics for nurse interviews
Trial information and recruitment processes
 • Experience of being told about the trial
 • Understandings of trial purpose and principles, e.g. randomisation
 • Views on participant information sheet
 • Other sources of information accessed about types of surgery/trial
 • Prior knowledge of and preferences for surgical methods
Decision-making
 • Reasons for declining randomisation
 • Choice of surgery and reasons given
 • Influence of clinical team and others on decision-making
 • Reflection on choices made and decision-making process
Experience of and attitudes towards medical research
 • Views on randomisaton as process of allocating treatment
 • Participation in previous and (potential) future research studies
Recruitment practices
 • Professional background and time on trial
 • Own and others’ duties and responsibilities with regard to the trial
 • Description and reflection on information giving process for trial/other options available to patients
Patient responses
 • Recall of patient responses to trial information
 • Views on patients’ reasons for declining randomisation
 • Views on patients’ reasons for accepting randomisation
 • Reflection on differences between patients who accept/decline trial
General reflections
 • Compare and contrast with recruitment experiences of other trials
 • Key challenges of this trial and suggestions for future trial design and conduct