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Table 2 Sample characteristics

From: Lessons learned from recruiting socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers into a pilot randomized controlled trial to explore the role of Exercise Assisted Reduction then Stop (EARS) smoking

  Total sample (N = 99)
Female (n, (%)) 55 (56.1)
Age (mean (SD); median (IQR)) 46.6 (11.3); 47.5 (38.3 - 55.4)
Ethnicity (n, (%))  
White British 95 (96.0)
Cohabiting (n, (%)) 50 (50.5)
Children under 16 (n, (%)) 28 (28.3)
Single parenta (n, (%)) 6 (6.1)
Employed (n, (%)) 54 (54.5)
Job statusb (n, (%))  
A to C1 9 (9.0)
C2 to E (excluding unemployed) 45 (45.5)
Unemployed 45 (45.5)
Age on leaving education (mean (SD); median (IQR)) 16.3 (1.9); 16 (15 - 16)
Age on starting smoking (mean (SD); median (IQR)) 14.7 (3.5); 14 (13 - 16)
Does partner or other cohabitant smoke? (n, (%))  
Yes 31 (31.3)
No 27 (27.3)
Not applicable 41 (41.4)
BMI (mean (SD), n; median (IQR)) 28.1 (6.4), 98; 27.3 (22.4 - 32.4)
Indicated mental health problemc (n, (%)) 41 (41.4)
Duration of smoking (years, mean (SD); median (IQR)) 31.9 (12.2); 34.2 (23.3 - 42.2)
Previously used SSS (n, (%)) 41 (41.4)
Satisfaction with previous use of SSS (if used) (scale 1 to 11); mean (SD), n 8.3 (2.8), 40
Participant made a quit attempt lasting 24 hours or more in the past year (n, (%)) 37 (37.4)
Did the participant cut down before previous cessation?d (n, (%))  
Yes 5 (13.5)
No 32 (86.5)
Total, n 37
Used cessation aids as part of a quit attempt in previous 12 monthse (n, (%))  
Yes 29 (78.4)
No 8 (21.6)
Total, n 37
Used cessation aids not as part of a quit attempt in previous 12 months (n, (%))  
Yes 21 (33.9)
No 41 (66.1)
Total, n 62
Self-reported cigarettes smoked per day (mean (SD); median (IQR)) 21.6 (14.3), 19.1 (14.4 - 24.4)
Expired air CO (ppm), mean (SD) 18.0 (8.0)
FTND (mean (SD); median (IQR)) 5.6 (2.0); 6 (4 - 7)
Readiness to use physical activity as a way of controlling smoking, action and maintenance stage (n, (%)) 9 (9.1)
Self-reported minutes of moderate and vigorous physical activity over previous 7 days (median (IQR)) 315 (120 - 540)
Accelerometer data n = 66
Minutes spent in moderate/vigorous/very vigorous activity per day (mean (SD), n; median (IQR)) 31.9 (24.5); 28.37 (13.2 - 44.8)
Step counts (mean (SD), n; median (IQR)) 7701.7 (3536.2); 7343.5 (4909 - 9853)
  1. aAll single parents female apart from one male, recruited through SSS. As a percentage of women (up to aged 47, the oldest parent with an under 16 year child) the percentage of female single parents across all recruitment methods was 17%.
  2. bJob status from NRS social grades, UK.
  3. cAnswered ‘moderately’ or ‘extremely’ anxious or depressed to item five of the EQ-5D questionnaire.
  4. dIncludes only smokers who had stopped smoking for at least 24 hours in the previous year.
  5. eAt least 24 hours’ reported abstinence.
  6. BMI: Body mass index; CO: Carbon monoxide; FTND: Fagerström test for nicotine dependence; IQR: Interquartile range; ppm: Parts per million; SD: Standard deviation; SSS, Stop Smoking Service.