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Table 1 Patient characteristics at baseline (frequency (%) unless stated otherwise)

From: Identifying continence options after stroke (ICONS): a cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial

Measure All sites Usual care Intervention Supported implementation
n = 413 n = 124 n = 164 n = 125
Median (IQR) age 79 (70.5-85) 80 (72-86) 77 (68-83) 81 (74-85)
Male 189 46% 51 41% 86 52% 52 42%
Ethnicity:         
White British 397 97% 123 99% 155 96% 119 95%
Other 14 3% 1 1% 7 4% 6 5%
Type of stroke:         
Ischaemic 350 85% 101 81% 143 88% 106 85%
Haemorrhagic infarct 49 12% 17 14% 14 9% 18 15%
Primary intracerebral haemorrhage 12 3% 6 5% 6 4% 0 0%
Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) Classification:         
TACS, total anterior circulation syndrome 185 46% 37 30% 80 51% 68 54%
PACS, partial anterior circulation syndrome 118 29% 54 44% 31 20% 33 26%
LACS, lacunar stroke 88 22% 28 23% 44 28% 16 13%
POCS, posterior circulation syndrome 14 3% 3 2% 3 2% 8 6%
Side of body affected by stroke:         
Left side 207 50% 58 47% 86 53% 63 50%
Right side 176 43% 55 44% 69 43% 52 42%
Both sides 6 1% 2 2% 2 1% 2 2%
Neither side 21 5% 9 7% 4 2% 8 6%
Median (IQR) seven-day Barthel Index 4 (2-7) 5 (2-9) 3 (2-6.3) 5 (3-7.5)
Pre-stroke Modified Rankin Scale:         
No symptoms 139 34% 52 42% 54 33% 33 27%
No significant disability 166 41% 39 31% 72 44% 55 45%
Slight disability 30 7% 4 3% 19 12% 7 6%
Moderate disability 54 13% 21 17% 10 6% 23 19%
Moderately severe disability 18 4% 7 6% 6 4% 5 4%
Severe disability 2 0% 1 1% 1 1% 0 0%
Pre-stroke living type:         
House 324 79% 94 76% 134 84% 96 77%
Flat 47 12% 21 17% 11 7% 15 12%
Sheltered housing 20 5% 4 3% 8 5% 8 6%
Residential home 15 4% 5 4% 4 3% 6 5%
Nursing home 1 0% 0 0% 1 1% 0 0%
Other 1 0% 0 0% 1 1% 0 0%
Pre-stroke living circumstances:         
Alone 162 40% 51 41% 64 40% 47 38%
With partner 194 47% 57 46% 77 48% 60 48%
With other family 37 9% 11 9% 14 9% 12 10%
With other 16 4% 5 4% 5 3% 6 5%
Speech:         
None 47 11% 10 8% 22 14% 15 12%
Incomprehensible 63 15% 19 15% 22 14% 22 18%
Inappropriate 72 18% 25 20% 32 20% 15 12%
Cognitive ability:         
Confused 83 20% 26 21% 22 14% 35 28%
Orientated 146 36% 44 35% 64 40% 38 30%
Median (IQR) Edinburgh case-mix probability of survival free of dependency at six months 0.02 (0.01-0.08) 0.02 (0.01-0.05) 0.02 (0.01-0.11) 0.02 (0.01-0.08)