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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Thoracic Epidural analgesia versus Rectus Sheath Catheters for open midline incisions in major abdominal surgery within an enhanced recovery programme (TERSC): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
• Patients >18 years of age • Contraindication to epidural analgesia: for example, coagulopathy, local infection, systemic sepsis, severe aortic stenosis
• Planned major abdominal surgery including major colorectal resections, pancreaticoduodenectomy and radical cystectomy • Consent refused for either TEA or RSC
• Planned open midline surgical incision • Non-English speaker
• Included in the ERP • Ano-rectal excision: for example, pan-proctocolectomy or abdomino-perineal resection.
• Willing and able to give consent • Planned transverse or oblique incisional approach
• ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) 1 to 3 • Allergy to local anaesthetic drugs or opiates
  • Opiate tolerance
  • Pre-existing chronic abdominal pain
  • Extensive existing midline abdominal scarring
  1. Abbreviations: ERP, Enhanced Recovery Programme; RSC, rectus sheath catheter; TEA, thoracic epidural analgesia.