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Table 3 Tests/action/questionnaires conducted at baseline, 6 and 12 months

From: Exercise to preserve beta cell function in recent-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (EXTOD) - a study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial

Clinical examination Cardiovascular/respiratory/gastrointestinal/nervous system/feet
Blood pressure and heart rate
  Height, weight, waist circumference
  Body-fat content (bio-impedance)
Non-fasting blood collection GAD, IA-2 and zinc transporter autoantibodies
Full blood count/thyroid function
Liver/renal function
DNA (optional, only at visit 1)
Fasting blood collection Cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides
Serum/plasma storage
Inflammation markers Adiponectin, leptin, IL-6, IL-10, CRP
Meal-stimulated C peptide Participant attends fasting and drinks Fortisip 240 ml. Venous blood samples collected at time -10, 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 minutes
Questionnaires International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ)
Bandura exercise self-efficacy questionnaire
Social support for physical activity scale
Outcome expectations for exercise
Deci and Ryan motivational questions TSRQ
Health care climate questionnaire HCCQ
Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)
WHO quality of life-BREF
Fear of hypoglycemia survey
BRIEF illness perception
Problem areas in diabetes (PAID)
CES-D
Toole and Glasgow dietary questionnaire
EQ-5D
Activity monitor Small electronic device worn during waking hours for seven days. Measures physical activity by continually monitoring and recording movements of the body
Fitness test Estimation of VO2max by submaximal test
Nurse visit Education on carbohydrate counting and insulin dose adjustment around exercise
Review of exercise diaries
Hypoglycemia management
  Motivational support
Focus group for feedback Obtain feedback on the study