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Table 7 Measures related to metabolic syndrome by gender

From: The Reversal Intervention for Metabolic Syndrome (TRIMS) study: rationale, design, and baseline data

Metabolic syndrome components All Intervention Control p value
(I vs. C)
  Male , (n = 36) Female, (n = 46) Male , (n = 21) Female , (n = 21) Male , (n = 15) Female , (n = 25) Male, Female
Waist circumference(cm) 109.0 ± 8.7 102.8 ± 11.5 108.5 ± 7.6 99.2 ± 10.5 109.6 ± 10.3 105.8 ± 11.7 p = 0.669 p = 0.055
Systolic BP (mmHg) 134.9 ± 13.7 130.5 ± 16.6 135.3 ± 11.7 134.4 ± 14.8 134.3 ± 16.6 127.2 ± 17.5 p = 0.822 p = 0.140
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 86.3 ± 9.6 85.5 ± 9.6 86.1 ± 10.6 85.1 ± 9.0 86.6 ± 8.4 85.8 ± 10.2 p = 0.890 p = 0.783
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.15 [1.00 - 1.40] 1.20 [1.10 - 1.50] 1.20 [1.00 - 1.40] 1.30 [1.10 - 1.80] 1.10 [0.90 - 1.50] 1.20 [1.10 - 1.45] p = 0.528 p = 0.238
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.50 [1.05 - 2.10] 1.60 [1.20 - 2.00] 1.40 [0.90 - 2.10] 1.60 [1.00 - 1.80] 1.60 [1.20 - 2.20] 1.70 [1.40 - 2.10] p = 0.541 p = 0.116
FPG (mmol/l) 5.29 ± 0.53 5.15 ± 0.57 5.36 ± 0.47 5.11 ± 0.38 5.19 ± 0.61 5.19 ± 0.70 p = 0.339 p = 0.611
Proportion meeting IDF criteria for:         
   BP 31 (86.1) 42 (91.3) 17 (81.0) 20 (95.2) 14 (93.3) 22 (88.0) p = 0.376 p = 0.614
   FPG 11 (30.6) 11 (23.9) 8 (38.1) 4 (19.0) 3 (20.0) 7 (28.0) p = 0.295 p = 0.717
   HDL 29 (80.6) 43 (93.5) 16 (76.2) 19 (90.5) 13 (86.7) 24 (96.0) p = 0.674 p = 0.585
   Triglycerides 32 (88.9) 35 (76.1) 18 (85.7) 17 (81.0) 14 (93.3) 18 (72.0) p = 0.626 p = 0.717
Total no of IDF criteria met:         
   3 12 (33.3) 13 (28.3) 8 (38.1) 5 (23.8) 4 (26.7) 8 (32.0) p = 0.903 p = 0.636
   4 17 (47.2) 27 (58.7) 9 (42.9) 14 (66.7) 8 (53.3) 13 (52.0)   
   5 7 (19.4) 6 (13.0) 4 (19.0) 2 (9.5) 3 (20.0) 4 (16.0)   
  1. Parametric continuous data are expressed as mean ± S.D; nonparametric continuous data as median [IQR]; categorical data as number (%).
  2. BP (blood pressure); HDL (high density lipoprotein); FPG (fasting plasma glucose); IDF (International Diabetes Federation).