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Table 1 Effects of dietary interventions on weight change and abstinence during smoking cessation.

From: Trial Protocol: Randomised controlled trial of the effects of very low calorie diet, modest dietary restriction, and sequential behavioural programme on hunger, urges to smoke, abstinence and weight gain in overweight smokers stopping smoking

Intervention compared to standard smoking cessation Mean difference in weight change (Kg [95%CI]) Abstinence (RR [95%CI])
  End of treatment At 12 months End of treatment At 12 months
General lifestyle and calorie reducing dietary advice -0.04 [-0.57, 0.50] -0.21 [-2.28, 1.86] 0.90 [0.76, 1.06] 0.66 [0.48, 0.90]
Individually tailored dietary and lifestyle advice -1.05 [-2.01, -0.09] -2.58 [-5.11, -0.05] 1.11 [0.84, 1.46] 0.79 [0.47, 1.33]
VLCD compared to general calorie reducing dietary advice -3.70 [-4.82, -2.58] -1.30 [-3.49, 0.89] 1.40 [1.07, 1.85] 1.73 [1.10, 2.73]