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Table 2 Socioeconomic and health indicators for Mchinji and Malawi

From: A cluster randomised controlled trial of the community effectiveness of two interventions in rural Malawi to improve health care and to reduce maternal, newborn and infant mortality

  Mchinji Malawi
Poverty   
Human Development Index (out of 182 countries) - 160
GNP per capita (US$) - 690
Percent below $2 per day - 90%
Education   
Female literacy (over 5 years of age) 46% 51%
Educational attainment - primary 60% 59%
- secondary 5% 8%
Health   
Access to improved water source 46% 45%
Access to sanitation 66% 53%
Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.6 6.5
Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population) 55 50
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) - 984
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) - 76
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) - 27
  1. Sources: Malawi Population and Housing Census, 1998, Malawi DHS, 2004, World Bank 2006, State of the World's Newborns report 2001, UNDP 2009