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Table 2 Data related to applicability of results systematically reported for trials included in the systematic reviews

From: Applicability and generalisability of the results of systematic reviews to public health practice and policy: a systematic review

  All reviews N = 98 Cochrane reviews N = 57 Non-Cochrane reviews N = 41 Tobacco use N = 49 HIV infection N = 49
Setting and centres      
   Setting of recruitment 45 (46) 33 (58) 12 (29) 24 (49) 21 (43)
   Number of centres 21 (21) 19 (33) 2 (5) 15 (31) 6 (12)
   Country where the study took place 62 (63) 41 (72) 21 (51) 29 (59) 33 (67)
Recruitment      
   Method 18 (18) 18 (32) 0 15 (31) 3 (6)
Participants      
   Inclusion criteria 16 (16) 13 (23) 3 (7) 5 (10) 11 (22)
   Exclusion criteria 13 (13) 11 (19) 2 (5) 4 (8) 9 (18)
   Baseline characteristics of participants 59 (60) 42 (74) 17 (41) 29 (59) 30 (61)
Age 47 (48) 35 (61) 12 (29) 26 (53) 21 (43)
Mean or median only 39 (40) 29 (51) 10 (24) 21 (43) 18 (37)
Mean (SD) or median (IQR) 3 (3) 3 (5) 0 0 3 (6)
Minimum and maximum value only 17 (17) 12 (21) 5 (12) 8 (16) 9 (18)
Sex 46 (47) 33 (58) 13 (32) 22 (45) 24 (49)
Ethnicity 9 (9) 4 (3) 5 (12) 2 (4) 7 (14)
Socioeconomic status 1 (1) 1 (2.0) 0 0 1 (2)
Co-morbidities 0 0 0 0 0
Associated treatments 0 0 0 0 0
Treatment      
   Duration of treatment 61 (62) 40 (70) 21 (51) 35 (71) 26 (53)
   Intensity/dose of treatment 64 (65) 44 (77) 20 (49) 34 (69) 30 (61)
   Delivery format of treatment 72 (73) 49 (86) 23 (56) 37 (75) 35 (71)
   Treatment timing 52 (53) 40 (70) 12 (29) 30 (61) 22 (45)
   Compliance of participants 3 (3) 0 3 (7) 0 3 (6)
Outcome assessment      
   Primary outcome 67 (68) 52 (91) 15 (37) 22 (45) 35 (71)
   Adverse events 5 (5) 3 (5) 2 (5) 2 (4) 3 (6)
Follow up      
   Length of follow-up 34 (35) 17 (30) 17 (41) 20 (41) 14 (29)
   Number of visits 13 (13) 12 (21) 1 (2) 9 (18) 4 (8)