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Table 1 Content, timeline, components, methods, and responsibilities of the El-Poems study

From: Impact of El-Poems study: the e-learning for postural education in music students: a randomized controlled trial protocol

Content Components Methods Who
Session 1. Promoting in awareness
Date: 1–4 December 2021
Improvement of knowledge about importance of proper posture during playing; a brief review of the musculoskeletal system’s anatomy and physiology; to explain about: basic body posture in relation to playing a musical instrument (e.g., standing, sitting, upper limbs, lifting, and carrying position), warming-up and cooling-down, stretching, relaxation, instrument-specific biomechanics, and ergonomics - Lecture Main investigator, conservatory health educator
- Brainstorm, Q & A
- Showing Power Point,
- Uploading posters, pamphlets, text, ...
Session 2. Promoting in motivation
Date: 6–9 December 2021
Creating a positive attitude toward paying attention to proper postures during playing and its advantages; social influence beliefs (norms of others, behavior of others, and support of others); and self-efficacy expectations (the perceived ability to perform posture behavior) - Group discussion Main investigator, conservatory health educator
- Modeling
- Increase risk perception
- Benefits of proper posture
- Recording participants’ thoughts and experiences about proper posture
Sessions 3 and 4. Development of skills
Date: 11–23 December 2021
Improvement of participants’ abilities to accomplish proper posture behavior: implementation of paying attention to body posture during playing a musical instrument, having proper posture while standing, sitting, lifting and carrying musical instrument, upper limbs position, and practicing special stretching exercise and warming up before playing - Direct experience Main investigator, Conservatory physical education instructor and health educator
- Vicarious experience
- Demonstration, re- demonstration
- Verbal persuasion
- Corrective feedback