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Table 2 Primary and secondary outcomes of the PORTAL trial

From: Robotic versus Open Pancreatoduodenectomy for Pancreatic and Periampullary Tumors (PORTAL): a study protocol for a multicenter phase III non-inferiority randomized controlled trial


Primary outcomes

 Time to functional recovery, n (days)

 Patients with PDAC who start adjuvant chemotherapy at 8 weeks, n (%)

Secondary outcomes

 Estimated blood loss, ml

 Operative time, min

 Length of hospital stay, days

 30-day morbidity, n (%)

  < Clavien-Dindo grade IIIa

  ≥ Clavien-Dindo grade IIIb

 30-day mortality, n (%)

 90-day mortality, n (%)

 30-day readmission, n (%)

 Reoperation, n (%)

 Quality of life assessment

 Perioperative costs, $


  Resection margin status, n (%)

  Harvested lymph nodes, n

  Positive lymph nodes, n

  Recurrence, n (%)

  Recurrence site, n (%)

  Recurrence-free survival, months

  Overall survival, months

  1. OPD open pancreaticoduodenectomy, RPD robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy, PDAC pancreatic adenocarcinoma