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Table 2 Drug use history among rural PWUD in Kentucky, Ohio, and Oregon, April 2019–July 2019

From: A cross-sectional survey of potential factors, motivations, and barriers influencing research participation and retention among people who use drugs in the rural USA

  Total study population (n = 255) Oregon (n = 79) Kentucky (n = 105) Ohio (n = 71)
n % n % n % n %
Ever injected drugs to get high
 Yes   237 93 75 95 95 90 67 94
 No   18 7 4 5 10 10 4 6
Drugs injected to get high in past 30 days
 Methamphetamines   155 61 61 77 70 67 24 34
 Heroin   144 57 42 53 48 46 54 76
 Buprenorphine   47 18 5 6 33 31 9 13
 Fentanyl   47 18 14 18 10 10 23 32
 Painkillers   38 15 21 27 12 11 5 7
 Cocaine/crack   21 8 11 14 6 6 4 6
 Othera   11 4 10 13 0 0 1 1
 Methadone   8 3 5 6 2 2 1 1
 Prescription anxiety drugs 8 3 6 8 1 1 1 1
 Gabapentin   1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
 Kratomb   1 1 1 1 0 0 - -
 Clonidine   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Synthetics   0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Drug of choice to get high
 Methamphetamines   91 36 37 47 45 43 9 13
 Heroin   90 35 33 42 24 23 33 47
 Buprenorphine   14 6 0 0 12 11 2 3
 Painkillers   13 5 2 3 11 11 0 0
 Fentanyl   5 2 0 0 0 0 5 7
 Otherc   3 1 3 4 0 0 0 0
 Gabapentin   2 1 0 0 0 0 2 3
 Methadone   1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
 Cocaine/crack   1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
  1. a“Other” responses included “cannabis” (n = 9), “pot, lsd, mushrooms, acid” (n = 1) and one response was missing (n = 1)
  2. bKratom was not listed as a response option in the Ohio survey
  3. c“Other” responses included “pot” (n = 2) and “lsd, doc, mushrooms” (n = 1)