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Table 2 Outcome measures in both groups at baseline

From: Effect of manual therapy with exercise in patients with chronic cervical radiculopathy: a randomized clinical trial

Outcome measure Experimental group
(n=14)
(mean±SD)
Comparison group
(n=14)
(mean±SD)
Mean difference
(95% confidence interval)
PPT (kPa)
 Cervical spine 347±214 294±100 53 (−77.1, 182.4)
 C7 hand 476±184.1 435±130 41 (−82.4, 165.3)
 Affected dermatome 421±128 424±187.7 −2 (−163.2, 157.9)
 Tibialis anterior 519±173.6 475±148.1 44 (−81.2, 169.2)
HPT (°C)
 Cervical spine 45.2±4.2 45.6±4.4 −0.4 (−3.8, 2.9)
 C7 hand 45.3±4 45.6±3.2 −0.3 (−2.5, 3.1)
 Affected dermatome 45.5±3.2 44.9±2.2 0.7 (−1.9, 3.3)
 Tibialis anterior 46.2±3.4 46.1±2.5 0.2 (−2.1, 2.5)
CPT (°C)
 Cervical spine 15.4±8.6 16.3±10 −0.9 (−8.1, 6.3)
 C7 hand 17.1±9.1 18.8±7 −1.7 (−8.1, 4.6)
 Affected dermatome 18.3±9.4 19.5±7.8 −1.2 (−9.6, 7.1)
 Tibialis anterior 12.7±9.4 18.9±10.2 -6.2 (-13.8, 1.4)
NPRS (0–10) 6.4±1.3 6.4±1.7 0 (−1.2, 1.2)
NDI (0–50) 36.5±7.2 35.3±13.9 1.2 (−7.4, 9.7)
Cervical ROM (degree)
 Flexion 48±11.4 43±11.9 5 (−3.6, 14.5)
 Extension 52±19.5 48±15.9 −4 (−17.7, 9.9)
 Rotation (affected) 59±13.3 57±11.8 −2 (−7.0, 12.6)
 Rotation (unaffected) 61±8.2 62±10.3 −1 (−8.7, 5.7)
 Lateral flexion (affected) 33±8.7 32±8.1 −1 (−5.3, 7.8)
 Lateral flexion (unaffected) 34±5.7 39±7.8 5 (−0.8, 9.8)
  1. Abbreviations: CPT Cold pain threshold, HPT Heat pain threshold, NDI Neck disability index, NPRS Numeric pain rating scale, ROM Range of motion, PPT Pressure pain threshold, SD Standard deviation