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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics at baseline

From: Effect of manual therapy with exercise in patients with chronic cervical radiculopathy: a randomized clinical trial

Variable Experimental group (n=14) Comparison group (n=14)
Gender (female/male) 12/2 13/1
Age (years) 42±7 42±7
BMI (kg/m2) 32±6 29±5
NPRS (0–10) 6±1 6±2
NDI (0–50) 36±7 35±14
Treatment (weeks) 4±1 3±1
Duration of symptoms (months) 27±25 22±29
Affected side
 Left 5 5
 Right 9 9
Dermatome involved
 C5 0 1
 C5&C7 1 0
 C6 7 5
 C6&C7 2 2
 C7 4 4
 C8 0 2
Most painful level
 C4 2 1
 C5 4 4
 C6 5 4
 C7 3 5
Medicationa
 Yes 9 6
 No 5 8
  1. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, NDI Neck disability index, NPRS Numeric pain rating scale
  2. Continuous values are expressed in mean ± standard deviation
  3. aIncluded non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, and vitamin B complex