Skip to main content

Table 1 Broad overview of the three ART delivery models

From: A comparison of different community models of antiretroviral therapy delivery with the standard of care among stable HIV+ patients: rationale and design of a non-inferiority cluster randomized trial, nested in the HPTN 071 (PopART) study

  Home-based delivery (HBD) Adherence clubs (AC) Standard of care (SoC) Comments
Clients are visited in their home by the CHiPs Group of 20–30 clients meet at an agreed community venue led by a pair of CHiPs Clients visit the clinics as scheduled
Number of visits/year 2 HBD
2 clinic
2 clubs
2 clinic
4 clinic  
ART dispensed 3 months 3 months 3 months  
Routine laboratory testing Every 12 months
• Viral load
• CD4
• Creatinine
Every 12 months
• Viral load
• CD4
• Creatinine
Every 12 months
• Viral load
• CD4
• Creatinine
As per routine national guidelines
Frequency of clinical monitoring 2 (every 6 months) 2 (every 6 months) 2 (every 6 months)  
Process • Symptom screening
• Adherence support
• Health education and provision of condoms
• Dispensation of pre-packed drugs
• Symptom screening
• Adherence support
• Group education and provision of condoms
• Dispensation of pre-packed drugs
• Symptom screening
• Adherence support
• Health education and condom provision
• Drug dispensation at pharmacy