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Table 2 Pathogen-specific point-of-care (POC) tests

From: Impact of a package of diagnostic tools, clinical algorithm, and training and communication on outpatient acute fever case management in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Pathogen Type of test
Dengue virus Lateral flow RDT: detects Dengue virus NS1 antigen and IgM (and IgG) from serum or whole blood
Streptococcus pyogenes Lateral flow RDT: detects group A streptococcal antigen from throat swabs
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi Lateral flow RDT: detects Salmonella typhi-specific IgM from serum or whole blood
Orientia tsutsugamushi (scrub typhus) Lateral flow RDT: detects Orientia tsutsugamushi antibodies (IgG, IgM, and IgA) in human serum, plasma, whole blood
Influenza virus Lateral flow RDT: detects influenza virus type A, type B and A(H1N1) pandemic antigens directly from nasal/throat/nasopharyngeal swab or nasal/nasopharyngeal aspirate
Chikungunya virus Lateral flow RDT: detects Chikungunya virus IgG/IgM antibodies in serum, plasma or whole blood
Streptococcus pneumoniae Lateral flow RDT: detects S. pneumoniae antigen in the urine of patients with pneumococcal pneumonia
Respiratory syncytial virus Lateral flow RDT: detects respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion protein antigen in nasal wash and nasopharyngeal (NP) swab specimens
Leptospira interrogans (leptospirosis) Lateral flow RDT: detects Leptospira interrogans IgM antibodies from urine
Plasmodium Sp. (malaria) Lateral flow RDT as per national guidelines