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Table 4 Values for pre-test, peak, and lowest value at the psychosocial stress test at baseline and follow-up

From: The effects of exercise training on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity and autonomic response to acute stress—a randomized controlled study

  Control group Intervention group
n Baseline Follow-up n Baseline Follow-up
Pre-test
 ACTH*, pmol/L 40 4.6 (3.8; 5.6) 5.8 (4.8; 7.0) 45 6.1 (5.1; 7.2) 7.0 (6.2; 7.9)
 Cortisol*, nmol/L 38 233 (204; 265) 254 (221; 293) 44 242 (224; 262) 277 (255; 305)
 SBP, mmHg 40 129 (123; 134) 130 (124; 135) 46 128 (123; 133) 129 (125; 133)
 DBP, mmHg 40 78 (74; 81) 77 (74; 81) 46 74 (70; 77) 75 (73; 78)
 HR, bpm 38 73 (70; 76) 79 (76; 83) 44 71 (68; 74) 78 (76; 80)
Peak
 ACTH*, pmol/L 40 13.0 (10.2; 16.8) 10.6 (8.4; 13.5) 47 15.6 (13.0; 18.7) 12.6 (10.8; 14.7)
 Cortisol, nmol/L 40 450 (406; 493) 439 (398; 480) 45 468 (436; 501) 456 (426; 486)
 SBP, mmHg 39 171 (162; 180) 163 (156; 170) 46 164 (158; 171) 158 (151; 164)
 DBP, mmHg 39 104 (100; 109) 101 (97; 105) 46 99 (95; 102) 97 (94; 100)
 HR*, bpm 38 101 (95; 108) 94 (87; 99) 46 97 (92; 104) 95 (90; 99)
Lowest value
 ACTH*, pmol/L 40 3.5 (3.0; 4.0) 3.7 (3.2; 4.3) 47 3.9 (3.5; 4.4) 4.1 (3.6; 4.6)
 Cortisol, nmol/L 40 301 (267; 334) 271 (241; 301) 45 302 (272; 331) 278 (256; 298)
 SBP, mmHg 36 120 (115; 125) 118 (113; 123) 44 118 (115; 122) 118 (114; 122)
 DBP, mmHg 36 72 (68; 75) 67 (65; 72) 44 68 (65; 70) 66 (64; 69)
 HR, bpm 36 64 (61; 67) 63 (60; 65) 44 63 (60; 65) 61 (58; 63)
  1. *Geometric mean and anti-logged 95% confidence intervals (CI)
  2. ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBT diastolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, Bpm beats per minute