Skip to main content

Table 1 Overview of measures

From: ‘Mothers moving towards empowerment’ intervention to reduce stigma and improve treatment adherence in pregnant women living with HIV in Botswana: study protocol for a pragmatic clinical trial

Assessment measure Baseline (< 28 weeks gestational age) Post-MME Follow-up (16 weeks postpartum) Comparison metric
Stigma outcomes
 Berger HIV Stigma Scale ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 WMM HIV Cultural Stigma Scale in Botswana (HCSS-B) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 Botho (3 items) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
Psychosocial outcomes
 Quality of life (PROMIS-8) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 Depressive symptoms (CES-D) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PCL-5) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 Social functioning (WHODAS-12) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 Social support (6 items) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
Treatment adherence
 Antenatal adherence ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
 ART adherence (ACTG questionnaire) ALL MME ALL 1,2,3,4,5
Covariates
 Demographic measures ALL MME ALL N/A
 Alcohol use (AUDIT) ALL MME ALL N/A
 Sexual behavior (5 items) ALL MME ALL N/A
 Intimate partner violence (WAST) ALL MME ALL N/A
Qualitative (open-ended; differs at each time points) MME MME MME N/A
HIV metrics: CD4 count and viral load
(IDCC records/electronic medical record system)
   ALL 1
Birth outcomes: birth weight, gestational age, APGAR scores
(Delivery Summary Sheet)
   ALL 1
Infant health: infant mortality, infant HIV status, feeding method, vaccinations, hospitalizations (dates, diagnosis)
(“Under 5 Card”: asked from mother at 4 month follow-up)
   ALL 1
  1. 1 Bivariate comparison of mean (median) scores at 16-week follow-up between intervention and control group
  2. 2 Bivariate comparison of change in mean (median) scores from baseline to 16-week follow-up between intervention and control groups
  3. 3 Bivariate comparison of mean (median) scores at baseline and post-MME within intervention group
  4. 4 Bivariate comparison of mean (median) scores at baseline and 16-week follow-up within intervention group
  5. 5 Bivariate comparison of mean (median) scores at post-MME and 16-week follow-up within intervention group
  6. ALL all participants
  7. MME only intervention participants