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Table 1 Primary and secondary outcomes of specific interventions of the cluster-randomised controlled trial

From: Evaluation of the SPIRIT Integrated Suicide Prevention Programme: study protocol for a cluster-randomised controlled trial in rural Gujarat, India

InterventionsPrimary outcomeSecondary outcomes
Intervention 1: suicide prevention in schools through the Youth Aware of Mental Health (YAM) interventionReduction in suicidal ideation at 3-month and 12-month follow-up among adolescents in intervention schools▪ Proportion of schools that agreed to implement the YAM intervention of the total number of schools approached for implementation
▪ Of those schools that agreed to implement the YAM intervention, the proportion of schools that implemented the programme
▪ Proportion of adolescents in intervention schools who received the YAM programme out of total number of adolescents in the selected grade
Intervention 2: community storage facilities (CSF) for pesticidesReduction in the number of suicides and attempted suicides in intervention villages at 12-month follow-up▪ Proportion of villages of those that were approached that agreed to have the CSF
▪ Proportion of villages that agreed to have the CSF or provided for or arranged space to build the storage facility
▪ Proportion of households reached with promotion activities linked to community storage of pesticides; proportion of households that requested a community storage box; proportion of households that received a community storage box
▪ Proportion of households in the villages that used the boxes regularly
Intervention 3: community health worker (CHW) training for identification, support and management of people at risk of suicide or self-harmNumber of persons with suicidal ideation detected by trained CHWs and number of persons referred by CHWs to mental health professionals for care for suicidal ideation▪ Proportion of health workers trained in intervention villages
▪ Improvement in knowledge, skills, attitudes and practice of CHW who received training
▪ Number of CHWs applying knowledge and skills obtained through the training programme in their day-to-day practice at 6-month and 12-month follow-up