Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and anthropometric characteristics of participants at baseline and at the end of the study

From: The effects of Anethum graveolens (dill) powder supplementation on clinical and metabolic status in patients with type 2 diabetes

Variable Dill powder (n = 21) Placebo (n = 21) P valuea
Age, years 50.66 ± 8.22 50.42 ± 8.61 0.927
Gender, n (%)b
 Female 14 (66.7%) 16 (76.2%) 0.495
 Male 7 (33.3%) 5 (23.8%)  
Duration of disease, years 8.1 ± 5.49 8.57 ± 6.72 0.714
Weight, kg
 Baseline 78.22 ± 11.08 77.29 ± 8.42 0.761
 End 78.08 ± 11.07 77.30 ± 8.25 0.796
P valuec 0.602 0.987  
BMI, kg/m2
 Baseline 29.42 ± 3.24 28.95 ± 1.94 0.753
 End 29.37 ± 3.29 28.95 ± 1.90 0.725
P valuec 0.627 0.904  
Physical activity, MET minutes/week
 Baseline 1314.33 ± 1036.19 1428.66 ± 1053.76 0.725
 End 1254.33 ± 960.52 1495.66 ± 953.10 0.419
P valuec 0.626 0.451  
  1. Values are expressed as means ± standard deviation unless otherwise indicated
  2. P < 0.05 was considered as significant
  3. MET metabolic equivalent of task
  4. aUsing Mann–Whitney U test (for duration of disease and body mass index (BMI)) and independent t test (for other variables) between the two groups at baseline and after the intervention
  5. bUsing chi-squared test
  6. cUsing Wilcoxon signed rank test (for BMI) and paired t test (for other variables)