Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and anthropometric characteristics of participants at baseline and at the end of the study

From: The effects of Anethum graveolens (dill) powder supplementation on clinical and metabolic status in patients with type 2 diabetes

VariableDill powder (n = 21)Placebo (n = 21)P valuea
Age, years50.66 ± 8.2250.42 ± 8.610.927
Gender, n (%)b
 Female14 (66.7%)16 (76.2%)0.495
 Male7 (33.3%)5 (23.8%) 
Duration of disease, years8.1 ± 5.498.57 ± 6.720.714
Weight, kg
 Baseline78.22 ± 11.0877.29 ± 8.420.761
 End78.08 ± 11.0777.30 ± 8.250.796
P valuec0.6020.987 
BMI, kg/m2
 Baseline29.42 ± 3.2428.95 ± 1.940.753
 End29.37 ± 3.2928.95 ± 1.900.725
P valuec0.6270.904 
Physical activity, MET minutes/week
 Baseline1314.33 ± 1036.191428.66 ± 1053.760.725
 End1254.33 ± 960.521495.66 ± 953.100.419
P valuec0.6260.451 
  1. Values are expressed as means ± standard deviation unless otherwise indicated
  2. P < 0.05 was considered as significant
  3. MET metabolic equivalent of task
  4. aUsing Mann–Whitney U test (for duration of disease and body mass index (BMI)) and independent t test (for other variables) between the two groups at baseline and after the intervention
  5. bUsing chi-squared test
  6. cUsing Wilcoxon signed rank test (for BMI) and paired t test (for other variables)