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Table 3 Sample of interview and focus group questions

From: Sahaj Samadhi Meditation versus a Health Enhancement Program for depression in chronic pain: protocol for a randomized controlled trial and implementation evaluation

Participant groupQuestionCausal factor(s)Implementation outcome(s)
SSM participantsPostprogram
Why did you choose to participate?
a. Would you have done this without the clinic suggesting it? Why or why not?
What was your experience like learning meditation at the clinic?
a. Tell us about something you enjoyed about learning meditation in this setting
b. Is there anything you would change about this program if it were to continue in the clinic? Can you tell us why you would change this?
c. Did you experience any challenges learning meditation at the clinic?
• Patient
• Innovation
• Organization
• Adoption
• Sustainability
Meditation teachersPreprogram
Will you prepare anything differently than for a program in the community?
Postprogram
What was your experience of teaching in a medical setting?
a. Did this setting impact how you taught the program?
b. Were there any modifications to the program based on the setting? If so, which ones?
c. What was your experience of setting up and running the program in the clinic? (logistics)
• Provider
• Innovation
• Organization
• Fidelity
• Adoption
• Sustainability
Administrative staffPostprogram
Did you face any challenges over the course of the program?
a. What do you wish to have known prior to the program starting?
b. What clinic resources were used to implement the program? Were they sufficient?
• Organization• Implementation cost
• Sustainability
Clinical staffPostprogram
What would you need to recommend the meditation program to your patients?
a. Would you refer patients to the program if it continued in the clinic?
b. What factors would you consider in referring?
• Organization
• Structural
• Penetration
• Sustainability
Administrative and clinical leadsPreprogram
What are your expectations of this program?
a. What challenges do you anticipate?
b. What are your thoughts on this type of program running in a clinical setting?
c. What are your thoughts on offering this type of program to the patient population in your clinic?
Postprogram
How were you involved in the program?
c. Was this different from what you expected at the beginning of the program?
d. If it changed, when and why did it change?
e. How did your involvement in the program impact your regular role in the clinic?
• Organization
• Structural
• Adoption
• Implementation cost
• Sustainability
  1. Abbreviations: SSM Sahaj Samadhi Meditation