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Table 1 Characteristics of Ugandan trial hospitals, with resource availability in February 2019

From: Operationalising kangaroo Mother care before stabilisation amongst low birth Weight Neonates in Africa (OMWaNA): protocol for a randomised controlled trial to examine mortality impact in Uganda

  Entebbe Hospital Iganga Hospital Jinja Hospital Masaka Hospital
Facility level of care Regional District Regional Regional
Catchment area [32] Semi-urban 86% rural 86% rural 65% rural
 Local poverty incidence (%) [32] 7.5 42.1 42.1 24.3
Live births (2018) 5706 6894 5287 9588
Neonatal admissions (2018) 597 933 698 2016
 Born at an outside facility (n (%)) 12 (2) 32 (3) 98 (14) 504 (25)
 Birthweight < 2500 g (n (%)) 248 (42) 421 (45) 234 (34) NAa
 Birthweight < 1500 g (n (%)) 229 (38) 114 (12) 115 (17) NAa
Average length of stay (days) 21 3–4 7 4
Paediatrician 1 1 3 2
Nurses in neonatal unit 8b 5 9 6
Overhead radiant heater 3 functional 1 functional 4 functional 2 functional
Incubator 2 functional 4 functional 3 functional, 6 non-functional 3 functional
Open cots 0 7 10 8
Oxygen supply 2 concentrators, 2 cylinders 1 concentrator, 1 cylinder 4 concentrators, 3 cylinders 2 non-functional concentrators, 1 cylinder
Bubble CPAP (improvised) 1 1 1 0
Pulse oximeter 0 1 4 1
Phototherapy 2 functional 1 functional, 1 non-functional 3 functional 4 functional
KMC beds, chairs 4 beds (KMC room), no chairs 5 beds (3 KMC room, 2 postnatal corner), no chairs 4 beds (KMC room), 20 chairs (neonatal unit) 4 beds (KMC room), no chairs
  1. CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, KMC kangaroo mother care, NA not applicable
  2. a Neonatal admissions data were not available for Masaka Hospital
  3. b The neonatal unit at Entebbe Hospital has six government-employed nurses and two volunteer nurses