Skip to main content

Table 3 Hemodynamic state definitions

From: Impact of point-of-care ultrasound on the hospital length of stay for internal medicine inpatients with cardiopulmonary diagnosis at admission: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial—the IMFCU-1 (Internal Medicine Focused Clinical Ultrasound) study

 NormalHypovolemiaVasodilatedPrimary systolic failurePrimary diastolic failureSystolic and diastolic failureRV failurea
LV volumeNormalDecreasedNormalIncreasedNormal/decreasedIncreasedRV increased
LV systolic functionNormalNormal/DecreasedIncreasedDecreasedNormalDecreasedRV decreased
LA filling pressureNormalDecreasedNormalNormalIncreasedIncreasedIncreased
  1. Hemodynamic state is defined based on LV volume, LV systolic function, and LA filling pressure
  2. a RV failure can be a hemodynamic state by itself or in combination with LV failure
  3. LA left atrium, LV left ventricle, RV right ventricle