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Table 4 Patient characteristics of patients excluded due to surgeon or patient preferences by preferred treatment

From: The impact of surgeon and patient treatment preferences in an orthopaedic trauma surgery trial

Characteristic Surgeon preference (for patients excluded due to lack of equipoise, n = 117) Patient preference (of non-consenting patients, n = 313)
Surgery Not surgery p value Surgery Not surgery p value
Gender
 Male, n (%) 11 (48%) 12 (52%) 0.4761 11 (17%) 55 (83%) 0.4761
 Female, n (%) 30 (39%) 46 (61%)   44 (21%) 169 (79%)  
Age (years)
N 41 56   53 214  
 Mean (SD) 68.0 (2.06) 72.4 (1.76) 0.1052 65.1 (15.59) 69.2 (12.21) 0.0392
 Median 68.8 75.0   69.3 70.7  
  < 65 years, n (%) 16 (57%) 12 (43%) 0.0591 23 (23%) 77 (77%) 0.3181
  ≥ 65 years, n (%) 25 (36%) 44 (64%)   30 (18%) 137 (82%)  
Fracture type
 One or both tuberosities involved, n (%) 23 (43%) 31 (57%) 0.7941 44 (22%) 160 (78%) 0.1701
 Neither tuberosity involved, n 18 (40%) 27 (60%)   11 (14%) 66 (86%)  
Affected shoulder
 Left, n (%) 15 (31%) 34 (69%) 0.0521 28 (20%) 109 (80%) 0.9531
 Right, n (%) 24 (50%) 24 (50%)   27 (20%) 107 (80%)  
Days since injury
N 41 58   55 226  
 Mean (SD) 6.5 (5.83) 4.7 (4.94) 0.2533 5.5 (5.26) 5.2 (4.68) 0.9123
Median 4 2   4 3  
  1. 1Chi-squared test (df = 1), 2Independent t test, 3Wilcoxon rank-sum test. SD standard deviation