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Table 4 Summary of contextual impact on outcomes of clinical trials

From: How context can impact clinical trials: a multi-country qualitative case study comparison of diagnostic biomarker test interventions

  1. Source: Authors, derived from qualitative analysis
  2. Higher patient exclusion (PE) and lower user/patient adherence (UA, PA) correspond to a negative impact of contextual factors on trial outcomes and are indicated in red; lower exclusion and higher adherence are indicated in green. References to “patients” do not imply uniform responses of the target group
  3. aItems in this category relate to the type of patient being excluded from the intervention