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Table 1 Relevant Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) codes

From: Converting habits of antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections in German primary care – study protocol of the cluster-randomized controlled CHANGE-3 trial

Drug ATC code Drug group Group name
Definition of classified ATC codes J01FA (without J01FA01) Macrolides (without erythromycin) – broad-spectrum antibiotics Macrolides
J01DB First-generation cephalosporins Cephalosporins
J01 DC Second-generation cephalosporins Cephalosporins
J01DD Third-generation cephalosporins Cephalosporins
J01DE Fourth-generation cephalosporins Cephalosporins
J01MA Fluoroquinolones Gyrase inhibitors
J01CR Penicillins including beta-lactam inhibitors – broad-spectrum antibiotics Penicillins + beta-lactam-inhibitors
J01CA Penicillins with extended spectrum Penicillins with extended spectrum
J01 CE Beta-lactamase-sensitive penicillins Beta-lactamase-sensitive penicillins
J01EE01 Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim
J01XE01 Nitrofurantoin Trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin, fosfomycin
J01EA01 Trimethoprim Trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin, fosfomycin
J01XX01 Fosfomycin Trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin, fosfomycin
J01FA01 Erythromycin Erythromycin
J01FA16 Solithromycin Erythromycin
J01A Tetracyclines Tetracyclines
J01other J01-other Other antibiotics