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Table 6 Patient and public involvement (PPI) contributor roles within surgical trials (n = 71)

From: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in UK surgical trials: a survey and focus groups with stakeholders to identify practices, views, and experiences

  Number of trials (%)
Co-applicant(s) on grant 25 (35.2%)
 • 1 co-applicant 23 (32.4%)
 • 2 co-applicants 2 (2.8%)
Formal member(s) of Trial Management Group or equivalent study team 25 (35.2%)
 • 1 member 15 (21.1%)
 • 2 members 8 (11.3%)
 • 3 members 2 (2.8%)
Member(s) of Trial Steering Committee 51 (71.8%)a
 • 1 member 31 (43.7%)
 • 2 members 16 (22.5%)
 • 3 or more members 2 (2.8%)
Consultee(s) 45 (63.4%)b
 • 1–5 consultees 11 (15.5%)
 • 6–10 consultees 10 (14.1%)
 • 11–20 consultees 9 (12.7%)
 • More than 20 consultees 5 (7.0%)
  1. aTwo trials did not have a Trial Steering Committee at the time of survey completion
  2. bIncludes focus group or group discussion (n = 25), interviews (n = 21), email consultation (n = 11), survey (n = 6), online group discussion or forum (n = 1), and other informal methods (n = 7). In the case of 10 trials, all or part of this consultation was a formal research project (requiring ethics approval and informed consent from participants)