Skip to main content

Table 4 How was/were the patient and public involvement (PPI) contributor(s) recruited? (n = 65 trials with some kind of PPI)

From: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in UK surgical trials: a survey and focus groups with stakeholders to identify practices, views, and experiences

  Number of trials (%)
Asked person/people already known to member(s) of the trial team 40 (61.5)
 • Patient(s) or former patient(s) of a clinician on the team 32 (49.2)
 • PPI contributor(s) from a previous study 12 (18.5)
 • Participant(s) from a previous study 4 (6.2)
 • Acquaintance(s), friend(s) or relative(s) 4 (6.2)
 • Participant(s) from this trial 2 (3.1)
 • Other 2 (3.1)
 • Do not know 1 (1.5)
Approached an established group, service, or organisation 33 (50.8)
 • A patient group or voluntary organisation 19 (29.2)
 • An established PPI group in my research centre/institution 9 (13.8)
 • Research Design Service (RDS) 2 (3.1)
 • Clinical Research Network (CRN) 2 (3.1)
 • Other 4 (6.2)
Open invitation/advert (e.g. newspaper, website, poster) 5 (7.7)
PPI contributor(s) approached the trial team 2 (3.1)
Other 1 (1.5)
Do not know 4 (6.2)