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Table 3 Reasons for including patient and public involvement (PPI) in the trial (n = 65)

From: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in UK surgical trials: a survey and focus groups with stakeholders to identify practices, views, and experiences

  Number of trials (%)
Considered morally or ethically the right thing to do 47 (66.2%)
Believed to result in better research 46 (64.8%)
Required by funder(s) 44 (62.0%)
To improve recruitment of participants to this trial 40 (56.3%)
To improve retention of participants in this trial 28 (39.4%)
Institutional policy 19 (26.8%)
PPI contributor(s) offered their services 2 (2.8%)
Do not know 1 (1.4%)