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Table 4 Estimated mean change in telomere length at 3 months and 9 months

From: Art therapy is associated with sustained improvement in cognitive function in the elderly with mild neurocognitive disorder: findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial for art therapy and music reminiscence activity versus usual care

  Art therapy
(n = 22)
Music reminiscence activities
(n = 24)
Control
(n = 22)
Number of participants assessed at 3 months 19 23 NA
Number of participants assessed at 9 months 18 22 18
Mean change at 3 months from baseline (SE) 197 (197) −41 (186) NA
Mean change at 9 months from baseline (SE) 552 (177) 292 (163) 573 (182)
 Difference (intervention – control) (90% CI) [p] − 22 (− 444, 400) [0.932] − 281 (− 686, 124) [0.252]  
  1. Mean values were estimated using a linear mixed-effects model adjusted for baseline values and gender. See “Methods” section for outcome definitions
  2. NA not applicable (telomere length was not collected in the control group at 3 months post baseline), SE standard error, CI confidence intervals